The anatomy of tetralogy of fallot with pulmonary stenosis
was evaluated in cardiology young by Anderson RH19.
Neonates with critical aortic and pulmonary stenosis
underwent successful balloon valvuloplasty.
Immediate effects and outcome of in-utero pulmonary valvuloplasty in fetuses with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum or critical pulmonary stenosis
. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2018;52:230-7.
is defined as the constriction of the right ventricular outflow tract below, above, or at the pulmonary annulus which leads to an increase in right ventricular pressure .
The advantages of live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography during assessments of pulmonary stenosis
. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2016;32:573-82.
Other main features are congenital heart defects (pulmonary stenosis
, dysplastic pulmonary valve, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and secundum atrial septal defect), superior pectus carinatum with inferior pectus excavatum, developmental delay, short stature, and lymphatic dysplasias .
Prolonged survival of patients with uncorrected TOF is often associated with a well-developed left ventricle, initially mild pulmonary stenosis
, or well-maintained pulmonary blood flow by such as systemic to pulmonary collaterals or persistent patent ductus arteriosus.
Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary stenosis
and Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve.
In addition, Mohammad's heart had a pulmonary stenosis
where the exit point from his right ventricle was narrowed, hampering the circulation of deoxygenated blood.
Our patient had a rare association of complex cardiac lesion (tricuspid atresia, pulmonary stenosis
, atrial septal aneurysm) with cardiac conductive defects and left parietal infarct along with the usual skeletal abnormalities.
Right ventricular outflow stent implantation: an alternative to palliative surgical relief of infundibular pulmonary stenosis
Left peripheral pulmonary stenosis
and thin PDA were detected in the ecocardiography.