One is the keen interest Marx took in the radically democratic, communist content of the indigenous commons in a comparatively trans-cultural context: 'Communism in living seems to have originated in the necessities of the consanguine family, to have been continued in the punaluan
, and transmitted to the syndyasmian unter d.
Morgan of supposed "Punaluan
" marriages, as founded on erroneous assumptions and mistaken notions.)
While five years earlier Fison had claimed that the Gamilaraay had failed to fully advance from the Malayan (now Punaluan
) family to the Turanian or Ganowanian stages, he now had no hesitation in identifying the Gamilaraay as Turanian, indeed the question of advance from matrilineal to patrilineal was superfluous to his argument and he used the single term Turanian to cover both Ganowanian (matrilineal) and Turanian (patrilineal) (Fison and Howitt 1880:26).