A total of 14 species were inventoried during the study period: White-headed Duck, Garganey Anas querquedula, Eurasian Teal Anas crecca, Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula, Ferruginous Duck, Mallard Anas platyrhyncos, Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata, Gadwall Anas strepera, Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope, Northern Pintail Anas acuta, and Common Pochard Aythya ferina (Anatidae); and Common Coot Fulica atra, Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus, and Purple Swamphen
Porphyrio porphyrio (Rallidae).
We got excellent views of one such resident, the Purple Swamphen
(formerly called the Purple Gallinule but that name is now given to a similar but much smaller American species).
Bird Density in Marsh Swamp: Yellow-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus goiavier (11.81 +- 1.30 birds/ha), Peaceful Dove - Geopelia striata (10.03 +- 1.68 birds/ha), Pink- necked Green Pigeon - Treron vernans (8.91 +- 1.37 birds/ha), Purple Swamphen
- Porphyrio porphyrio (7.94 +- 1.36 birds/ha) and Scaly-breasted Munia - Gallirallus striatus (7.93 +- 3.84 birds/ha) were five most dominant species in marsh swamp habitat.
The Purple Swamphen
Porphyrio porphyrio is a large and spectacular (although often reclusive) gallinule with a very wide world range.
In her write-up published on QatarVisitor website, she ahs said that birds attracted to wetlands include black winged stilts, several species of heron, pied and common kingfishers, geese, ducks, moorhens, coots and bizarrely coloured purple swamphen
. The most common raptor circling above the reed beds and open water of the lagoons is probably the marsh harrier, but two species of eagle also haunt the lagoons during the winter and spring months.