In the last 20 years, however, participation by Australian-born children who speak Putonghua
(Mandarin) or another Chinese language (or dialect) at home has increased substantially.
In shops, public transport and the island's famous hawker centres, Singaporean Mandarin a heavily accented strain of putonghua
, which includes idiosyncratic vocabulary and a smattering of words imported from other dialects as well as English shows no sign of becoming standardised, despite many TV and radio programmes featuring classic mainland-inflected pronunciation.
However, this forceful promotion of Putonghua
has also given rise to the risk of cultural extinction.
The mainland participants were interviewed in Putonghua
, while a mixture of English (mainly) and Cantonese was used when interviewing Hong Kong participants.
As Chan and Kwok claim "loans coming directly from China tend to follow the Putonghua
(10) pronunciation, while loans originating in Hong Kong the Cantonese" (1985: 24).
Liushi nian lai Nanjang fangyin xiang Putonghua
kaolong qingkuangde kaocha [TEXT NON PRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
The new script could be used more easily on printing presses, and people from different regions with dialects that used the same characters as standard Putonghua
or Mandarin could read the simplified characters better.
11 Jane He speaks English very, oh, no, yeah, his Putonghua
was very good.
Puichee Leung, "Teaching Huayu Chinese versus Teaching Guoyu, Putonghua
, or Hanyu"
A graduate of Monash University in Melbourne, Vivienne brings her combined experience in recruitment marketing and general marketing along with her trilingual proficiency in the English, Cantonese and Putonghua
P AM PUTONGHUA
Enw'r Chiniaid am yr iaith Fandarin.
A standards-referenced assessment on Putonghua
listening and oral skills has also been designed for students of Secondary Three or above for implementation in 2007.