Both are quietists
, yet in this respect they differ, that the former is the grey quietist
, the latter the pearl.
Recent Algerian media reports detailing Saudi propagation of a quietist
, apolitical yet supremacist and anti-pluralistic form of Sunni Muslim ultra-conservatism raises questions about the scope of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's commitment to what he has termed 'moderate' Islam.
Tehran pretends to be the protector of Shiite Islam, yet revolutionary Khomeinism bears little relation to the quietist
, moderate varieties of Shiism cultivated across the Arab world.
In second and third positions were Joas Wagemakers and Lisa Cooper for their respective books (Salafism in Jordan: Political Islam in Quietist
community) and (In search of Kings and Conquerors: Gertrude Bell and the Archaeology of the Middle East).
Though originally as quietist
as earlier Pietists, he says, by the 1820s and 1830s some of the Awakened, and especially some of their leaders, came increasingly to think that a world of growing politicization, economic change, transformation in church governance, and social disruption demanded their more active engagement.
It delivers a solid drive and, although not the fastest or quietist
car in the world, it feels as if it could go anywhere.
The top theologians of the quietist
movement - as opposed to Islam's politisation - call Khamenei's claim to be God's man on Earth an aberration.
Careful to distinguish between politically quietist
, politically activist (haraki), and militant jihadist Salafis, Rabil examines not only what Salafis preach in terms of doctrine and creed, but also, more importantly, how it is implemented (manhaj), particularly with respect to the central doctrine of tawhid (monotheism in its various manifestations).
In effect, Sistani (the highest Shi'ite religious authority in the world and head of the quietist
school of a-political theologians in Ja'fari Shi'ism) is opposed to Safawi extremism and to Iran's theocratic system.
This is because it reflects a conflict between Iran's Safawi theocracy and the Najaf-based Marja'iya of the quietist
school in Ja'fari Shi'ism.
Because society has been left open to its enemies, a cultural, educational, political, media and legal microclimate has allowed a microsociety to develop that has gone from quietist
Islam to radical Islamism.
The highest religious authority in the Ja'fari Shi'ite world, Sistani heads the Quietist
School whose theologians do not indulge in the political affairs of state and do not take governmental office.