quincunx

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quincunx

quin·cunx

 (kwĭn′kŭngks′)
n.
An arrangement of five objects or marks with one at each corner of a rectangle or square and one at the center.

[Latin quīncūnx, quīncūnc-, five twelfths : quīnque, five; see penkwe in Indo-European roots + ūncia, twelfth part of a unit; see ounce1.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

quincunx

(ˈkwɪnkʌŋks)
n
1. a group of five objects arranged in the shape of a rectangle with one at each of the four corners and the fifth in the centre
2. (Botany) botany a quincuncial arrangement of sepals or petals in the bud
3. (Astrology) astrology an aspect of 150° between two planets
[C17: from Latin: five twelfths, from quinque five + uncia twelfth; in ancient Rome, this was a coin worth five twelfths of an as2 and marked with five spots]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

quin•cunx

(ˈkwɪŋ kʌŋks, ˈkwɪn-)

n.
an arrangement of five objects in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.
[1640–50; < Latin: five twelfths =quinc-, variant of quīnque- quinque- + -unx, s. -unc- comb. form of uncia twelfth (see ounce1); orig. a Roman coin worth five twelfths of an as and marked with a quincunx of spots]
quin•cun′cial (-ʃəl) adj.
quin•cun′cial•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To the east of the space for the new villa, he built a summer parlor, and in the walled-up enclosure to the north, he planted trees in the well-regimented formation of quincunxes, though he kept the area divided in the middle with a broad walk.
No two of the roundels in the superimposed quincunxes are quite the same and the infill panels are all different.
"The Quincunx That Ate the Universe: A Real Theory of Everything" is a metaphysical studies book about the concept of quincunxes, an arrangement of five things that everything in the universe is crafted from, such as matter, forces, qi, luminosity, and spirit.