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Quotient verdict. The committee recommends that no instruction generally be given to admonish the jury against returning a "quotient verdict."
In a quotient verdict, jurors decide liability or damages by mathematical averaging instead of deliberating.
A little known form of juror misconduct, the quotient verdict probably occurs with greater frequency than the aforementioned examples.
A "quotient verdict" is reached by a jury whose members agree in advance that (1) each juror will specify the numerical figure (percentage of liability and/or amount of damages) which he recommends, (2) all the jurors' figures will be averaged, i.e., added together and divided by the number of jurors, and (3) all the jurors will be bound by, and accept as their verdict, the quotient thereby obtained with no further deliberation.
In addition to misconduct which is considered extrinsic to the verdict, a special category of misconduct exists for verdicts determined by aggregation and average (quotient verdicts), by lot or game of chance, or other artifice.