In a quotient verdict, jurors decide liability or damages by mathematical averaging instead of deliberating.
A little known form of juror misconduct, the quotient verdict probably occurs with greater frequency than the aforementioned examples.
Although the average of the other 11 jurors puts the verdict at about $3 million, when the final juror's number is added in the quotient verdict jumps to $15 million.
According to the Comment note: Quotient Verdicts, (9) it is this advance agreement--not the process of averaging itself--that renders the quotient verdict invalid:
Thus, a quotient verdict has often been characterized as a gambling verdict, or a verdict obtained by resort to chance, or a verdict reached by lot .