The significance of such bonds can be considered by its use in biological systems for transamination and elucidation of racemization
This amino acid quantification can be used for further analysis, such as racemization
Lactic acid has two optically active forms out of which L-lactic acid is the natural and most common form, whereas D-lactic acid is produced either by microorganisms or racemization
. Furthermore, it acts much like comonomers which optimize the kinetics of crystallization for specific fabrication processes and applications .
Interestingly, the structural similarities of Schiff base reagents (Schiff base ligands and their metal complexes) to biomolecules facilitate elucidation of the biological mechanisms of transformation and racemization
assumed that the reason of inequality in the formed peaks is due to (i) racemization
of L-TPC during the derivatization reaction, (ii) kinetic resolution of the two enantiomers, and (iii) the difference in diastereoisomers' yields which were explained in terms of keto-enol tautomerization of the analytes.
In this mechanism, EMA is produced via the R-pathway of isoleucine catabolism, involving the racemization
of 2-keto-3-methylvaleric acid (from S to R form), followed by conversion to EMA via 2-methylbutyryl-CoA and 2-ethyl-3-hydroxypropionyl-CoA (2-ethyl-3-hydroxypropionic acid, noted in Fig.
Subsequently, many scholars use dentin translucency, cementum ring structure, amino acid racemization
, and modified Gustafson method for age estimation (Singh et al., 2014; Shrigiriwar & Jadhav, 2013; Vandevoort et al., 2004; Telang et al., 2014; Gilmore & Grote, 2012).
glycation end-products (AGEs), (4) aspartic acid racemization
Color of melanoidins might be connected with the enolization of sugars and racemization
of amino acids (Kim & Lee, 2008).
Age and growth estimates of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) via aspartic acid racemization
. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77(4):571 580.