Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
rac•ism(ˈreɪ sɪz əm)
2. a belief in a policy of enforcing the asserted right of control. — racist, n., adj.
Jim Crow Racial discrimination; laws which forbid interracial contact, as in public places and schools; also, Jim Crowism. This term originated in the popular plantation song by Thomas D. “Daddy” Rice (1828):
Wheel about and turn about
And do jis so,
Ebry time I wheel about
I jump Jim Crow.
After the Civil War Reconstruction, the phrase was applied to the many laws which limited the rights of Blacks, and more loosely, to racial bigotry itself.
One hundred years of frustration and battle have not resulted in victory over Jim Crow and racism. (Freedomways, XIII, 1973)
The expression has also become a disparaging epithet for any Negro.
|Noun||1.||racism - the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races|
bias, prejudice, preconception - a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
white supremacy - the prejudice that members of the white race are superior to members of other races
|2.||racism - discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race|
discrimination, favoritism, favouritism - unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
racial profiling - a form of racism consisting of the (alleged) policy of policemen who stop and search vehicles driven by persons belonging to particular racial groups