radiolysis


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Related to radiolysis: Pulse radiolysis

ra·di·ol·y·sis

 (rā′dē-ŏl′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. ra·di·ol·y·ses (-sēz′)
Molecular decomposition of a substance as a result of radiation.

ra′di·o·lyt′ic (-ə-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

radiolysis

(ˌreɪdɪˈɒlɪsɪs)
n
(Nuclear Physics) chemical decomposition caused by radiation, such as a beam of electrons or X-rays
radiolytic adj

ra•di•ol•y•sis

(reɪ diˈɒl ə sɪs)

n.
the dissociation of molecules by ionizing radiation.
[1945–50]
ra`di•o•lyt′ic (-oʊˈlɪt ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.radiolysis - molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
Translations
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References in periodicals archive ?
One of the indirect effects of radiation is the radiolysis of water, which after a chain of events leads to apoptosis.
In present project, solution of reactive azo dye was irradiated which resulted in the free radical degradation known as radiolysis.
The radio induced ions and radicals, most of them coming from the water radiolysis, may react with neighboring molecules to produce secondary DNA radicals or even chain reactions, particularly in lipids.
These effects are produced as a result of both the direct interactions between the macromolecular structures and ionizing radiation, and due to indirect action of AOS generated as product of water radiolysis.
Ionizing radiation also generates ROS through the direct activation of water, a process termed radiolysis [4].
The only reaction that formed oxygen for ignition inside the reactor was that due to radiolysis.
However, in the presence of solutes (organic compounds), primary and secondary molecular, ionic, or radical species produced in GDEP can attack these molecules and cause their degradation [33], Alternatively, solutes can be degraded indirectly through pyrolysis, radiolysis, or photolysis produced by GDEP [33, 34], But in the initiated polymerization process by GDEP, we should try to restrain the oxidizing properties.
Radiolysis of commercial dyes in aqueous solutions to produce dosimeters for gamma dosimetry.
The loss of "hydrogen removal functions" could cause an explosion of hydrogen generated by the radiolysis of water in the liquid waste in 38 hours and a similar hydrogen explosion in the plutonium solutions in 11 hours, the NRA said.
Considering in turn inorganic materials, organic materials, and nanomaterials, they discuss such topics as the radiation induced synthesis of oxide compounds, structure and property modifications by ion implantation in metal oxide thin solid films suitable for gas sensing applications, radiolysis of alcohol and organic solutions, a nanometer-scale approach to radiation interaction with matter, and the stability of carbon nanostructures under irradiation.
Interaction of flavonoids with ascorbate and determination of their univalent redox potentials: a pulse radiolysis study.