ratchet

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ratchet1

ratch·et 1

 (răch′ĭt)
n.
1. A mechanism consisting of a pawl that engages the sloping teeth of a wheel or bar, permitting motion in one direction only.
2. The pawl, wheel, or bar of this mechanism.
v. ratch·et·ed, ratch·et·ing, ratch·ets
v.tr.
To cause to increase or decrease by increments: tried to ratchet up interest in the program.
v.intr.
To increase or decrease by increments.

[French rochet, from Old French rocquet, head of a lance (from the shape of the teeth), of Germanic origin.]

ratch·et 2

 (răch′ĭt)
n.
A dance featuring ratcheting movements of the arms bent at the elbows.
adj. Slang
Lacking in class, refinement, or good taste.

[From ratchet (the dance being introduced in the recording "Do the Ratchet" (1999) by American rapper Anthony Mark "Mr. Mandigo" Mandigo (born 1975) ).]

ratchet

(ˈrætʃɪt)
n
1. (Mechanical Engineering) a device in which a toothed rack or wheel is engaged by a pawl to permit motion in one direction only
2. (Mechanical Engineering) the toothed rack or wheel forming part of such a device
vb
3. (Mechanical Engineering) to operate using a ratchet
4. (usually foll by: up or down) to increase or decrease, esp irreversibly: electricity prices will ratchet up this year; Hitchcock ratchets up the tension once again.
[C17: from French rochet, from Old French rocquet blunt head of a lance, of Germanic origin: compare Old High German rocko distaff]

ratch•et

(ˈrætʃ ɪt)

n.
1.
a. a toothed bar or wheel with which a pawl engages.
b. a pawl or the like used with a ratchet.
c. a mechanism consisting of such a bar or wheel with the pawl.
v.t., v.i.
2. to move by degrees (often fol. by up or down).
[1650–60; alter. of French rochet; Middle French rocquet a blunt lance-head < Germanic]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ratchet - mechanical device consisting of a toothed wheel or rack engaged with a pawl that permits it to move in only one directionratchet - mechanical device consisting of a toothed wheel or rack engaged with a pawl that permits it to move in only one direction
mechanical device - mechanism consisting of a device that works on mechanical principles
detent, pawl, click, dog - a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward
ratchet wheel - toothed wheel held in place by a pawl or detent and turned by a lever
ratchet screwdriver, spiral ratchet screwdriver - a screwdriver with a ratchet (so the blade turns in only one direction) and a spiral in the handle (so the blade rotates) with downward pressure on the handle
Verb1.ratchet - move by degrees in one direction only; "a ratcheting lopping tool"
advance, march on, move on, progress, pass on, go on - move forward, also in the metaphorical sense; "Time marches on"
Translations

ratchet

[ˈrætʃɪt]
A. N (Tech) → trinquete m
B. CPD ratchet wheel Nrueda f de trinquete
ratchet up
A. VT + ADVincrementar
B. VI + ADVincrementarse, sufrir un incremento

ratchet

[ˈrætʃɪt] ncliquet m
ratchet wheel → roue f à rochet

ratchet

nRatsche f; ratchet wheelSperrrad nt; it is one more ratchet in the cycle of violence that exists heredas ist eine weitere Drehung der Spirale der Gewalt, die hier existiert

ratchet

[ˈrætʃɪt] narpionismo
References in periodicals archive ?
Analyst expectations for the third and fourth quarters are considerably higher and may need to be ratcheted down if growth disappoints.
And while most of Europe is still in a swoon, alternative energy is a big part of the infrastructure boom in Germany and Japan, where nuclear power is being ratcheted down.
These price caps will be ratcheted down by almost another third by 2014.
Current assumed returns may prove to be optimistic and will likely warrant a discussion of whether these assumptions will need to be ratcheted down," says the report, written by Fitch's Mark Oline, John Culver and James Rizzo.
But Ma has ratcheted down cross-strait tensions by emphasizing economic and logistical links with China over championing the island's sovereignty.
As Americans started racking up the debt, we ratcheted down on our savings, so far down that in the mid-2000s, the personal savings rate slipped into negative territory.
economy and said he had assured them that budget deficits will be ratcheted down as soon as possible.