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 (răsh′ən, rā′shən)
1. A fixed portion, especially an amount of food allotted to persons in military service or to civilians in times of scarcity.
2. rations Food issued or available to members of a group.
tr.v. ra·tioned, ra·tion·ing, ra·tions
1. To supply with rations.
a. To distribute as rations: rationed out flour and sugar.
b. To restrict to limited allotments, as during wartime: ration gasoline. See Synonyms at distribute.

[French, from Latin ratiō, ratiōn-, calculation; see ratio.]


pl n
(sometimes singular) a fixed daily allowance of food, esp to military personnel or when supplies are limited. See also iron rations
أرْزاق احْتِياطيَّه
dávky potravin
fejadagnapi élelem


(ˈrӕʃən) noun
a measured amount of food etc allowed during a particular period of time. The soldiers were each given a ration of food for the day.
to allow only a certain amount of (food etc) to a person or animal during a particular period of time. During the oil shortage, petrol was rationed.
ˈrations noun plural
the amount of food allowed to a soldier etc.
ration out
to give or allow a ration of (food etc), eg to a number of people.
References in classic literature ?
Don't bother about rations, I'll see to that and everything else, only do come, there's a good fellow!
They were on foot, and had tramped three hundred miles in eighteen days, upon the cheapest odds and ends of food, and stingy rations of that.
We had encountered the horn-blower on the way, and he had tried to collect compensation, not only for announcing the sunset, which we did see, but for the sunrise, which we had totally missed; but we said no, we only took our solar rations on the "European plan"--pay for what you get.
But the rations are short, very short-- so short, Dr.
He lived in a magnificent hotel and was one of the matadors of finance, did business with Ouvrard, kept open house, and led the scandalous life of the period,--the life of a Cincinnatus, on sacks of corn harvested without trouble, stolen rations, "little houses" full of mistresses, in which were given splendid fetes to the Directors of the Republic.
What I hate is this getting moved here and moved there, with no good com- ing of it, as far as I can see, excepting sore feet and damned short rations.
We gazed helplessly at the systematic, cold, gray-eyed obstinacy of the Easterly weather, while short rations became the order of the day, and the pinch of hunger under the breast-bone grew familiar to every sailor in that held-up fleet.
On this even those who as yet had stayed always at the ships, the pilots and helmsmen, and even the stewards who were about the ships and served out rations, all came to the place of assembly because Achilles had shown himself after having held aloof so long from fighting.
When the poor devils came to receive their rations, Benjamin, who was my deputy, was obliged to keep them off by stretching ropes around me, for they smelt so of garlic, from eating nothing but the wild onion, that the fumes put me out often in my measurement.
My boy," said Baisemeaux, "you know very well that it does not depend upon me; all I can do for you is to increase your rations, give you a glass of port wine now and then, slip in a biscuit for you between a couple of plates.
These things occupied one half of his bungalow, and the other half was given up to Strickland and his dog Tietjens-an enormous Rampur slut, who sung when she was ordered, and devoured daily the rations of two men.
after eleven months of seasickness and short rations.