rauwolfia


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Related to rauwolfia: Rauwolfia serpentina

rau·wol·fi·a

 (rou-wo͝ol′fē-ə, rô-)
n.
Any of various tropical trees and shrubs of the genus Rauvolfia, especially R. serpentina, of South and Southeast Asia, the root of which is the source of alkaloid drugs such as reserpine.

[Variant of New Latin Rauvolfia, genus name, after Leonhard Rauwolf (1535-1596), German botanist.]

rauwolfia

(rɔːˈwʊlfɪə; raʊ-)
n
1. (Plants) any tropical tree or shrub of the apocynaceous genus Rauwolfia, esp R. serpentina of SE Asia
2. (Pharmacology) the powdered root of R. serpentina: a source of various drugs, esp reserpine
[C19: New Latin, named after Leonhard Rauwolf (died 1596), German botanist]

rau•wol•fi•a

(rɔˈwʊl fi ə, raʊ-)

n., pl. -fi•as.
1. any of various tropical trees or shrubs of the genus Rauwolfia, of the dogbane family, esp. R.serpentina, of India.
2. an extract from the roots of R. serpentina, containing reserpine.
[1745–55; < New Latin, after Latin. Rauwolf, 16th-century German botanist; see -ia]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rauwolfia - any of several alkaloids extracted from the shrub Rauwolfia serpentina
Raudixin, Rau-Sed, reserpine, Sandril, Serpasil - antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau-Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
2.rauwolfia - any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives
genus Rauvolfia, genus Rauwolfia - pantropical genus of somewhat poisonous shrubs and small trees
Rauwolfia serpentina, snakewood - East Indian climbing shrub with twisted limbs and roots resembling serpents
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
References in periodicals archive ?
Buttyan, Anti-prostate Cancer Activity of a ss-Carboline Alkaloid Enriched Extract from Rauwolfia vomitoria.
Madubuike et al., "Antidiarrhoeal activity of leaf methanolic extract of Rauwolfia serpentina," Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, vol.
Biological activity of endophytic fungi of Rauwolfia serpentina Benth: An ethnomedicinal plant used in folk medicines in Northeast India.
The drug discovery paradigm involving the investigation of medicinal plants has produced successful results such as the isolation of reserpine from Rauwolfia serpentina which is known to have antipsychotic properties [13-15], in addition to its better known antihypertensive effect.
There have been a few studies on the combination of gemcitabine with an herbal extract before, more in particular a Rauwolfia vomitoria extract (Yu et al., 2014) and Pao Pereira (Geissospermum vellosii) (Yu et al., 2013).
Phytochemical screening and Antimicrobial studies were carried out in a medicinally important plant species, Rauwolfia tetraphylla.
(38) In addition, the antiepileptic properties of plant species such as Aconitum species, Piper species, and Rauwolfia serpentine have been attributed to their alkaloid compounds.
Although the decline after the 1950s can be partially explained by the development and use of drugs that effectively lowered blood pressure (i.e., hexamethonium, hydralazine, rauwolfia, and methyldopa), the reason for the decline previous to 1950 was unknown as of 1975 (Rosen 1975).
Rauwolfia vomitoria is a plant of the family Apocynaceae used traditionally in the treatment of snakebites, fever, nervous disorders, cerebral cramps, jaundice and gastrointestinal disorders (Kutalek & Prinz, 2001).
[24] reported the hypoglycemic activity of five Thai medicinal plants including Anogeissus acuminata (Combretaceae), Catunaregam tormentosa (Rubiaceae), Dioecrescis erythroclada (Rubiaceae), Mimosa pudica (Fabaceae), and Rauwolfia serpentina (Apocyanaceae), which have been traditionally used in the Northern part of Thailand.
In addition, the neuroprotective effects of the co-administration of Rauwolfia vomitoria and Gongronema latifollum in experimental rats is described.