reinforce

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re·in·force

also re-en·force or re·en·force (rē′ĭn-fôrs′)
tr.v. re·in·forced, re·in·forc·ing, re·in·forc·es also re-en·forced or re-en·forc·ing or re-en·forc·es or re·en·forced or re·en·forc·ing or re·en·forc·es
1. To give more force or effectiveness to; strengthen: The news reinforced her hopes.
2. To strengthen (a military force) with additional personnel or equipment.
3. To strengthen by adding extra support or material.
4. To increase the number or amount of; augment.
5. Psychology
a. To reward (an experimental subject, for example) with a reinforcer subsequent to a desired response or performance.
b. To encourage (a response) by means of a reinforcer.

[re- + inforce (variant of enforce).]

re′in·force′a·ble adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

reinforce

(ˌriːɪnˈfɔːs)
vb (tr)
1. to give added strength or support to
2. to give added emphasis to; stress, support, or increase: his rudeness reinforced my determination.
3. (Military) to give added support to (a military force) by providing more men, supplies, etc
4. (Psychology) psychol to reward an action or response of (a human or animal) so that it becomes more likely to occur again
[C17: from obsolete renforce, from French renforcer; see re- + inforce enforce]
ˌreinˈforcement n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

re•in•force

or re•en•force

(ˌri ɪnˈfɔrs, -ˈfoʊrs)

v.t. -forced, -forc•ing.
1. to strengthen with some added piece, support, or material: to reinforce a wall.
2. to make more forcible or effective: to reinforce efforts.
3. to augment; increase.
4. to strengthen (a military force) with additional personnel, ships, or aircraft.
5. to strengthen the probability of (a desired behavior) by giving or withholding a reward.
[1590–1600; re- + inforce, alter. of enforce]
re`in•forc′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

reinforce


Past participle: reinforced
Gerund: reinforcing

Imperative
reinforce
reinforce
Present
I reinforce
you reinforce
he/she/it reinforces
we reinforce
you reinforce
they reinforce
Preterite
I reinforced
you reinforced
he/she/it reinforced
we reinforced
you reinforced
they reinforced
Present Continuous
I am reinforcing
you are reinforcing
he/she/it is reinforcing
we are reinforcing
you are reinforcing
they are reinforcing
Present Perfect
I have reinforced
you have reinforced
he/she/it has reinforced
we have reinforced
you have reinforced
they have reinforced
Past Continuous
I was reinforcing
you were reinforcing
he/she/it was reinforcing
we were reinforcing
you were reinforcing
they were reinforcing
Past Perfect
I had reinforced
you had reinforced
he/she/it had reinforced
we had reinforced
you had reinforced
they had reinforced
Future
I will reinforce
you will reinforce
he/she/it will reinforce
we will reinforce
you will reinforce
they will reinforce
Future Perfect
I will have reinforced
you will have reinforced
he/she/it will have reinforced
we will have reinforced
you will have reinforced
they will have reinforced
Future Continuous
I will be reinforcing
you will be reinforcing
he/she/it will be reinforcing
we will be reinforcing
you will be reinforcing
they will be reinforcing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been reinforcing
you have been reinforcing
he/she/it has been reinforcing
we have been reinforcing
you have been reinforcing
they have been reinforcing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been reinforcing
you will have been reinforcing
he/she/it will have been reinforcing
we will have been reinforcing
you will have been reinforcing
they will have been reinforcing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been reinforcing
you had been reinforcing
he/she/it had been reinforcing
we had been reinforcing
you had been reinforcing
they had been reinforcing
Conditional
I would reinforce
you would reinforce
he/she/it would reinforce
we would reinforce
you would reinforce
they would reinforce
Past Conditional
I would have reinforced
you would have reinforced
he/she/it would have reinforced
we would have reinforced
you would have reinforced
they would have reinforced
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.reinforce - make stronger; "he reinforced the concrete"
beef up, fortify, strengthen - make strong or stronger; "This exercise will strengthen your upper body"; "strengthen the relations between the two countries"
buttress - reinforce with a buttress; "Buttress the church"
line - reinforce with fabric; "lined books are more enduring"
bolster, bolster up - support and strengthen; "bolster morale"
mine - lay mines; "The Vietnamese mined Cambodia"
2.reinforce - strengthen and support with rewards; "Let's reinforce good behavior"
instruct, teach, learn - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

reinforce

verb
1. consolidate, support, increase, further, encourage, promote, boost, sustain, foster, heighten, magnify, amplify, augment This sense of privilege tends to be reinforced by the outside world.
consolidate undermine, weaken, contradict
2. support, strengthen, fortify, toughen, stress, prop, supplement, emphasize, underline, harden, bolster, stiffen, shore up, buttress They had to reinforce the walls with exterior beams.
3. increase, extend, add to, strengthen, supplement, augment Troops and police have been reinforced.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

reinforce

verb
To make or become tight or tighter:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يُقَوِّي، يَدْعَم ، يُعَزِّز
posílitzpevnit
forstærke
styrkja
nostiprinātpastiprināt
ojačitiokrepiti
güçlendirmektakviye etmek

reinforce

[ˌriːɪnˈfɔːs] VT (gen, fig) → reforzar; [+ concrete] → armar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

reinforce

[ˌriːɪnˈfɔːrs] vt
(= strengthen) [+ wall, structure] → renforcer
(= emphasize) [+ message, point] → renforcer
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

reinforce

vt (lit, fig, Psych, Mil) → verstärken; concrete alsoarmieren (spec); sb’s demands, beliefstärken, stützen; evidence, statementstützen, bestätigen; opinionbestätigen; to reinforce somebody’s decision/determinationjdn in seiner Entscheidung/Absicht bestärken; to reinforce the messageder Botschaft (dat)mehr Nachdruck verleihen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

reinforce

[ˌriːɪnˈfɔːs] vt (army, material, structure) → rinforzare (fig) (theory, belief) → rafforzare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

reinforce

(riːinˈfoːs) verb
to make stronger. I've reinforced the elbows of this jacket with leather patches; Extra troops will be sent to reinforce the army.
ˌreinˈforcement noun
1. the act of reinforcing.
2. (in plural) men added to an army etc in order to strengthen it. As the enemy attacks increased, the general called for reinforcements.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

reinforce

v. reforzar; fortalecer.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

reinforce

vt reforzar
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
That sends out all the wrong messages, it just re-enforces the fact that if you commit a crime, chances are, you will get away lightly with it and if the crime is against a person then that person has every right to feel cheated by the system.
Bayley's collages illustrate her perception of how society depicts women and re-enforces female stereotypes in the media.
digital transformation and this award further re-enforces our commitment to the
The strongest point that emerges from Carroll's book is her suggestion that it is "unfortunate" (181) that an attempt at realism has produced a text that re-enforces rather than interrogates unsympathetic notions about the Middle Ages.
Besides helping with better bonding, it also re-enforces the importance of activity, energy, and stamina.
It also re-enforces the core values of responsibility and taking initiatives that help in the overall social development in accordance with Life Quality Program 2020," said Hussein Al-Gamdi, YLC general supervisor.
Citing a good paradigm in recent memory that re-enforces this point was the 2-1 stunning defeat of the US Men's National Soccer Team (USMNT) by the Ghana Black Stars on June 22, 2006 in Nuremberg, Germany.
Thus our bickering among ourselves and undermining each other re-enforces these their original attitudes.
The spending power of JCB card members further re-enforces the importance of this key alliance.
Bogdanos, "Systemic sclerosis: New evidence re-enforces the role of B cells," Autoimmunity Reviews, vol.