However, according to Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric and Leadership development guru, the most vital quality of leadership is the reality principle
which says that you deal with the world as it is, not as you wish it were.
The shift in the reality principle
signaling the advent of the postmodern epoch is conditioned by the spread and ubiquitous presence of electronic media in postindustrial societies.
As adults, we intrinsically develop the reality principle
, which is the counterpart to the pleasure principle.
More than 100 years ago, the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, observed that powerful personal wishes and desires (the Pleasure Principle) and the rules of the world in which we live (the Reality Principle
) were in constant conflict.
Speaking of the Knight of the Sorrowful Countenance, as Don Quixote was dubbed by one of the novel's characters, Bloom wrote: "He is at war with Freud's reality principle
, which accepts the necessity of dying.
Where Lacan, following Freud, 'rejected the idea of describing symptoms separately from the subjective lived experience of insanity' (p25) the explosion of the therapy movement in America brings with it an amoral foregrounding of the reality principle
, ubiquitous pharmacology and the integration of psychiatric facilities with the prison system.
They represent what Freud called the "reality principle
," whereas the "pleasure principle" is for children/workers.
And in the end, it is confronting the Reality Principle
that makes true adults of us all.
The most relevant principles foreseen in the Brazilian employment legislation are: Equal treatment of workers regardless of type of work; no option to waive employee rights; no detrimental changes to salary or benefits into existing employment agreements; and agreements depend on real-life conditions ("the reality principle
"), not what is laid out in writing.
(19) Marcuse argues against Freud's belief that the reality principle
supersedes the pleasure principle, thereby making a nonrepressive society impossible.
As a result the "reality principle
" has taken hold; the maintenance of the US Empire requires modification of tactics and strategies, to cut political, military and diplomatic losses (1).
In Eros and Civilization, the body is central to the dialectic that plays out between the pleasure principle and the historically specific reality principle
that Marcuse calls the "performance principle." This latter principle determines what is considered necessary, axiomatic, or "real" in the current historic period, and "under its rule society is stratified according to the competitive economic performances of its members" (Marcuse 1974:44).