Youth who enter the juvenile justice system today have a heightened risk of dropping out of school and recidivating
. Roughly two-thirds of adjudicated youth do not return to school after their release from the juvenile justice system (Sweeten, Bushway, & Paternoster, 2009).
"It seems to me that with the questions that we received this year, there seems to be more of an awareness of the need to fund probation fully, and that in fact, probation is a valuable tool available to the court system to help people," Karmeier said, "which means helping the everyday citizen who doesn't get in trouble because we keep more people productive and working and not recidivating
"Their shared experience that they're struggling with prior to their system involvement needs to be addressed while they're with us so that we don't have them recidivating
and coming back into the system."
For true change, inmates should have the abilities and the motivation necessary to lessen their chances of recidivating
. Animals play a key role in this because of their requirement for care and training, responsibilities that often go to enthusiastic inmate volunteers who want an opportunity to learn vital life and vocational skills.
An offender's likelihood of recidivating
is influenced by several risk factors, which are also known as "criminogenic needs." Given that the best predictor of future behavior is often past behavior, prior criminal history is, not surprisingly, the strongest risk factor for recidivism.
a linear decrease in the likelihood of recidivating
, (79) Under this
One challenge is distinguishing between the addict who may have a high risk of recidivating
for low-level offenses (for example, probation violations for positive drug tests) and a released prisoner with a lower risk to recidivate but whose offenses have a greater potential for lethality.
Although harsher prison conditions may serve as a deterrent for individuals who have never been to prison, empirical evidence suggests these conditions do not deter ex-offenders from recidivating
(Drago et al.
(177) This method pairs each person who ended up recidivating
with a random person who did not; the score is the fraction of these pairs in which the recidivist had been given the higher predicted risk score.
"You won't have as many people recidivating
as you do through the normal process, be it supervision, jail, or prison," he said.
Inmates who participated in correctional education programs during their incarceration had 43 percent lower odds of recidivating
than those who did not, according to a study sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Assistance and conducted by the RAND Corporation.