reciprocity


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Related to reciprocity: Reciprocity law, Reciprocity theorem

rec·i·proc·i·ty

 (rĕs′ə-prŏs′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. rec·i·proc·i·ties
1. A reciprocal condition or relationship.
2. A mutual or cooperative interchange of favors or privileges, especially the exchange of rights or privileges of trade between nations.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

reciprocity

(ˌrɛsɪˈprɒsɪtɪ)
n, pl -ities
1. reciprocal action or relation
2. a mutual exchange of commercial or other privileges
[C18: via French from Latin reciprocus reciprocal]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

rec•i•proc•i•ty

(ˌrɛs əˈprɒs ɪ ti)

n.
1. a reciprocal state or relation.
2. reciprocation; mutual exchange.
3. the policy in commercial dealings between countries by which corresponding advantages or privileges are granted by each country to the citizens of the other.
[1760–70; < Latin reciproc(us) (see reciprocal) + -ity]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Reciprocity

 

(See also COOPERATION.)

ka me, ka thee Do a good deed for another and the favor will be returned. This expression appeared in print as early as the mid-16th century. The exact origin is unknown and many variants were used interchangeably with ka, such as kaw, kae, k, kay, and kob. Scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours is a current analogous expression which like the proverbial Do unto others as you would have them do unto you implies reciprocity of service, flattery, or favors.

Ka me, ka thee, one good turn asketh another. (John Hey wood, Works, 1562)

logrolling The trading of votes or favors, especially among legislators, for mutual political gain; the policy of “you scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours.” In pioneer days a logrolling was a gathering at which neighbors helped each other roll and pile their logs to a particular spot for burning or other means of disposal. It was similar in nature to barn raisings and husking bees. Literal logrolling also played an important part in lumber camps where members of different camps often joined forces in rolling their logs to the water’s edge to catch the flood downstream. This U.S. term apparently came from the proverbial expression “you roll my log and I’ll roll yours.” Political use of the term dates from the early 19th century.

Territorial supreme courts have long since become known as a kind of log-rolling machine, in which the judges enter in the business of “you tickle me and I will tickle you.” (Weekly New Mexican Review, July, 1885)

one hand washes the other A proverbial expression originally denoting mutual cooperation in its positive sense only, but now carrying the negative connotations of backscratching, cronyism, and logrolling. It appeared as early as the 1500s in the former sense, but within a few centuries began to take on the latter dubious coloration.

Persons in business … who make, as the saying is, “one hand wash the other.” (Diary of Philip Hone, 1836)

Picturesque Expressions: A Thematic Dictionary, 1st Edition. © 1980 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reciprocity - a relation of mutual dependence or action or influence
relation - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
complementarity - the interrelation of reciprocity whereby one thing supplements or depends on the other; "the complementarity of the sexes"
correlation, correlativity - a reciprocal relation between two or more things
interdependence, interdependency, mutuality - a reciprocal relation between interdependent entities (objects or individuals or groups)
mutuality, mutualness - a reciprocality of sentiments; "the mutuality of their affection was obvious"
reciprocal - something (a term or expression or concept) that has a reciprocal relation to something else; "risk is the reciprocal of safety"
2.reciprocity - mutual exchange of commercial or other privileges
interchange, reciprocation, give-and-take - mutual interaction; the activity of reciprocating or exchanging (especially information)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

reciprocity

[ˌresɪˈprɒsɪtɪ] Nreciprocidad f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

reciprocity

n (of feelings, kindness etc)Gegenseitigkeit f; (of favours)Austausch m; (Pol) → Gegenseitigkeit f, → Reziprozität f (form)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

reciprocity

[ˌrɛsɪˈprɒsətɪ] nreciprocità
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

rec·i·proc·i·ty

n. reciprocidad.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in classic literature ?
As counter-examples, there are numerous schools of Buddhism, some of which DO offer a type of heaven; and the Confucian ideal of reciprocity can easily be, and often has been, misinterpreted in the same way as Semitic religions.
Here besides the law of retrospection, which regards all the past as a preparation for events that subsequently occur, the law of reciprocity comes in, confusing the whole matter.
In society there were silly conversations lasting half a minute, cool acquaintanceships founded on such half-minutes, general reciprocity of suspicion, overcrowding, insufficient ventilation, bad music badly executed, late hours, unwholesome food, intoxicating liquors, jealous competition in useless expenditure, husband-hunting, flirting, dancing, theatres, and concerts.
Sometimes, however, reciprocity of correlation does not appear to exist.
I had them in another form, with more of a certain sort of reciprocity, during the hours that I sat in the garden looking up over the top of my book at the closed windows of my hostess.
A secret voice seems to whisper to me that there must be something more than chance in this unexpected reciprocity of friendship.
Guppy, "I have got into that state of mind myself that I wish for a reciprocity of magnanimous behaviour.
Roker looked, for a reciprocity of feeling, into the countenance of Samuel Weller, who, until now, had observed a dignified silence.
* Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States a few years prior to this time, made the following public declaration: "A more liberal and extensive reciprocity in the purchase and sale of commodities is necessary, so that the overproduction of the United States can be satisfactorily disposed of to foreign countries." Of course, this overproduction he mentions was the profits of the capitalist system over and beyond the consuming power of the capitalists.
The US in a statement released on its Nigerian embassy website said Nigerians will be required to pay a visa issuance fee or reciprocity fee for all non-immigrant under the B, F, H1B, I, L, and R classifications.
Acccording to a statement by the ministry's spokesman, Mohammed Manga, a committee set up to conduct due diligence in line with the ministry's extant policy on reciprocity of visa fees had earlier engaged with the US embassy on the issue, adding that the implementation of its recommendations was delayed due to 'transition processes in the ministry at the policy level.'