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Related to recognizance: recognisance, own recognizance


 (rĭ-kŏg′nĭ-zəns, -kŏn′ĭ-)
n. Law
1. An obligation, entered into before a judge or magistrate, to perform a particular action, such as appearing in court, without the posting of a bond: released on his own recognizance.
2. A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an action.

[Middle English recognisanze, from Old French recognuissance, alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre, to recognize) of reconoissance, from reconoistre, reconoiss-, to recognize; see recognize.]

re·cog′ni·zant adj.


(rɪˈkɒɡnɪzəns) or


1. (Law) law
a. a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
b. a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2. an obsolete word for recognition
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
reˈcognizant, reˈcognisant adj


(rɪˈkɒg nə zəns, -ˈkɒn ə-)

a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, usu. binding a person to appear for trial or forfeit a specified amount of money.
b. the sum pledged as surety.
[1350–1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance]


A legal obligation to do something, such as appear in court at a later date, that someone enters into before a court or magistrate.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recognizance - (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
surety, security - property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; "bankers are reluctant to lend without good security"
bail, bail bond, bond - (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial; "the judge set bail at $10,000"; "a $10,000 bond was furnished by an alderman"


[rɪˈkɒgnɪzəns] N (esp US) (Jur) → obligación f contraída; (= sum) → fianza f
to enter into recognizances to + INFINcomprometerse legalmente a + infin


n (Jur) → Verpflichtung f; (for debt) → Anerkenntnis f; (= sum of money)Sicherheitsleistung f; to be released on one’s own recognizanceauf eigene Gefahr entlassen werden
References in periodicals archive ?
Bloggers, who last week secretly made video about sex workers in the Tajik capital, have reportedly been released on their own recognizance. The Dushanbe prosecutor's office is investigating the case.
MP Irina Karamushkina (SDPK) has asked to release ex-Health Minister Dinara Saginbayeva under recognizance not to leave the country.
Schuyler was arraigned in the Town of Florida Court and released on his own recognizance and is due to appear in the Town of Minden Court at a later date.
Oyedepo further said that considering the nature of the case, it will not be in the interest of justice for the bail application to be granted even on self recognizance.
Article 3, Section 17, provides that an accused shall be entitled to bail or be released by recognizance. "Recognizance" is allowing an accused -- without resources -- provisional liberty in a pending case, not because of bail, but because of a reputable person's assurance that the accused will be in court when ordered.
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Colorado filed a lawsuit Tuesday alleging that a woman was jailed for 27 days, even after being granted a personal recognizance (PR) bond by a court, as she was unable to pay a $55 fee for El Paso County pretrial services.
She said Martin Villanueva and Rico Bodino have been detained since 1996 and recommended for parole since 2011 by the Presidential Committee on Bail, Recognizance and Pardon, but they were only released in December.
Saddleback, 29, was charged with possession for purpose of trafficking cocaine, possession for purpose of trafficking fentanyl, nine counts of breach of recognizance, and breach of Band Council Resolution.
Rather than go into hiding, Taulbee instead made a bizarre video rant, in which he introduced himself and claimed he was released on his own recognizance.
Tsvetan Vasilev was placed on a recognizance order by a Serbian court on September 17.
WORCESTER -- A Fitchburg motorist accused of hitting a state police cruiser on Interstate 290 while allegedly drunk was released on personal recognizance after his arraignment Tuesday.