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Related to recognizance: recognisance, own recognizance


 (rĭ-kŏg′nĭ-zəns, -kŏn′ĭ-)
n. Law
1. An obligation, entered into before a judge or magistrate, to perform a particular action, such as appearing in court, without the posting of a bond: released on his own recognizance.
2. A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an action.

[Middle English recognisanze, from Old French recognuissance, alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre, to recognize) of reconoissance, from reconoistre, reconoiss-, to recognize; see recognize.]

re·cog′ni·zant adj.


(rɪˈkɒɡnɪzəns) or


1. (Law) law
a. a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
b. a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2. an obsolete word for recognition
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
reˈcognizant, reˈcognisant adj


(rɪˈkɒg nə zəns, -ˈkɒn ə-)

a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, usu. binding a person to appear for trial or forfeit a specified amount of money.
b. the sum pledged as surety.
[1350–1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance]


A legal obligation to do something, such as appear in court at a later date, that someone enters into before a court or magistrate.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recognizance - (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
surety, security - property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; "bankers are reluctant to lend without good security"
bail, bail bond, bond - (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial; "the judge set bail at $10,000"; "a $10,000 bond was furnished by an alderman"


[rɪˈkɒgnɪzəns] N (esp US) (Jur) → obligación f contraída; (= sum) → fianza f
to enter into recognizances to + INFINcomprometerse legalmente a + infin


n (Jur) → Verpflichtung f; (for debt) → Anerkenntnis f; (= sum of money)Sicherheitsleistung f; to be released on one’s own recognizanceauf eigene Gefahr entlassen werden
References in periodicals archive ?
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Colorado filed a lawsuit Tuesday alleging that a woman was jailed for 27 days, even after being granted a personal recognizance (PR) bond by a court, as she was unable to pay a $55 fee for El Paso County pretrial services.
The President had also agreed to pardon some of the political detainees while others would be released through 'bail recognizance,' according to Bello.
Operatives of the Administration of Economic Security and Combating the Corruption of the MIA General Administration for the city of Moscow in the framework of supporting the earlier initiated criminal investigation into fraud on a large scale detained at the airport the suspect, who was under subscription on his own recognizance," - said the official representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia Elena Alekseeva.
Vargas was released on his own recognizance with a notice to appear before an immigration judge.
Waruzila had made countless court appearances since being indicted in 2011 and asked that he be allowed to remain free on his own recognizance.
The 38-year-old mother of 14 was released on her own recognizance after being arraigned in Los Angeles County Superior Court on three counts of welfare fraud, CBS News reported.
Villeneuve was charged with robbery with a firearm, aggravated assault, pointing a firearm and breach of recognizance.
In the '90s, the most common form of bail was release on recognizance.
One important finding is that the surety bond surpassed release on recognizance (ROR) in 1998 as the most common type of pretrial release.
Prosecutors had sought $390,000 bail, but Wong was released on his own recognizance.
After Lynn Fice pled guilty to aggravated assault, fraud, personation, forgery, and breach of recognizance, the judge took into account the sixteen months she had spent in jail and six months on house arrest before her sentencing and ordered that she spend another fourteen months in the community under conditions.
The nuns declined to be released on their own recognizance because they would have had to agree to avoid demonstrations.