Plenty of Hollenbeck's friends and colleagues were quick to blame his death on New York Journal-American columnist Jack O'Brian, a McCarthyite and redbaiter
who relentlessly bullied and badgered Hollenbeck.
Running as the embodiment of a new generation, perceived as engagingly ordinary, he was not simply a redbaiter
but an avatar of the conservative, antigovernment populism later espoused by Barry Goldwater and Ronald Reagan.
Labeling somebody you don't like a "fascist" is still a popular polemical sport: Call someone a communist and proof is demanded and even when proof is supplied there is the risk that you will be called a redbaiter
; call someone a fascist, that's enough to convict.
Rebecca West was a fervent anti-Communist, but she was no redbaiter
. Indeed, she deplored the deportation of Goldman from the United States, and West praised Goldman for speaking out against the Palmer raids which rounded up Reds and violated their civil liberties.(3) When Goldman came to England in 1924.
It took an unconscionably long time before the press began to call the loathsome redbaiter
, Senator Joseph McCarthy, on his falsehoods.
Graham was a fervent redbaiter
and McCarthyite, going so far as to thank God for McCarthy and the House Un-American Activities Committee, "who, in the face of public denouncement and ridicule, go loyally on in their work of exposing the pinks, the lavenders, and the reds who have sought refuge beneath the wings of the American eagle."
Charles Owen Rice, who had once been the champion redbaiter
for the C.I.O.'s bureaucratic conservatives), Lynd urged community takeovers of failing plants.
Not racist social scientist Charles Murray; not left-wing Stalinist turned right-wing Stalinist Eugene Genovese; not paranoid anticommunist Eric Breindel; not even the despicable redbaiter
Herbert Romerstein, who unsuccessfully attempted to slander the memory of I.F.
But the preponderant thesis peddled by the intelligence community and camp followers like Professor Harvey Klehr and freelance redbaiter
Herb Romerstein was that they were right all along: Scratch a C.P.
A comparable dynamic also underpinned support for, if not McCarthy himself, the countless McCarthy-like Redbaiters
who ran amok in the 1950s.
At first sight only a twisted logic augmented by historical ignorance could draw a parallel between relatively powerless academics and those well-orchestrated government-sanctioned redbaiters
of the 1950s United States.
Of course the elder Williams was defrocked, hounded by redbaiters
, and utterly without honor in his own country.