Pierce the Plowman's Crede, Richard the Redeless
, Mum and the Sothsegger and The Crowned King.
Among the topics are nominative resumptive pronouns in Old and Middle English, the preoccupation with the abuse of truth in Richard the Redeless
and Thomas Usk's Testament of Love, finding pragmatic common ground between Chaucer's Dreamer and Eagle in The House of Fame, the rise and fall of to the end that and to the effect that in English, the insertion and loss of the voiceless dental plosive [t] in Middle English, and mapping rhetorical strategies related to persuasion in Middle English religious prose.
She relates these events of Richard II's nemesis and the troubled years after it to the political verse of the day, including Richard the Redeless
, Mum and the Sothsegger, Crowned King, and Hoccleve's La Male Regle and Regiment of Princes.
REEDLESSE obsolete variant of REDELESS
(devoid or destitute of counsel), with a 1494 illustrative quotation
All four are written to a more or less declared sectarian and/or political agenda - though it is the antagonisms prompted by their respective (Lollard and Lancastrian) affiliations which best suggest the characteristic tone and focus of three of them: Mum and the Sothsegger and Pierce the Ploughman's Crede are anti-clerical in general, and anti-fraternal in particular; Richard the Redeless
is as hostile a view of Ricardian rule as its title suggests; The Crowned King delivers a (more respectfully earnest) protest at taxes imposed to finance Henry V's campaigns in France.
It should be noted that Passus XVIII in this edition, where the Tree of Charity is described, is Passus XIX in Skeat's edition, The Vision of William Langland concerning Piers the Plowman in three parallel texts together with Richard the Redeless
by William Langland, 2 vols (Oxford University Press, 1886).
(25)William Langland, Vision of William concerning Piers the Plowman, in Three Parallel Texts, together with Richard the Redeless
Finally, a 'perfect' square by Darryl Francis was reported in W88-80: rosetter overrule sequined eruptive tritical tunicate elevates redeless
, all in Web3, except for redeless
After lamenting that Cruelty can now slay all "folk redeless
of peyne," the speaker continues, with a frank bewilderment that may be Chaucer's particular contribution to the registers of plaintiveness,
This is the work Skeat entitled Richard the Redeless
and attributed to Langland.
Iolo's poem deserves special attention from Middle English scholars, because such known iniitations of Piers Plowman as Pierce the Ploughmans Crede, Richard the Redeless
, Mum and the Sothsegger, The Crowned King, and Death and Life (all anonymous) offer problems of dating, provenance, and textual integrity.(2) In contrast, we are well informed about Iolo's dates, family, education, patrons, travels, literary contacts, and even appearance, quite apart from his views on politics, society, religion, and poetry.
The second is a lengthy piece by Helen Barr: 'The Relationship of Richard The Redeless
and Mum And The Sothsegger: Some New Evidence'.