refractory


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re·frac·to·ry

 (rĭ-frăk′tə-rē)
adj.
1. Showing or characterized by obstinate resistance to authority or control: refractory children; refractory behavior.
2. Difficult to melt or work; resistant to heat: a refractory material such as silica.
3. Resistant to treatment: a refractory case of acne.
n. pl. re·frac·to·ries
One that is refractory, especially a material that has a high melting point.

[Alteration (influenced by adjectives in -ory) of obsolete refractary, from Latin refrāctārius, from refrāctus, past participle of refringere, to break up; see refract.]

re·frac′to·ri·ly adv.
re·frac′to·ri·ness n.

refractory

(rɪˈfræktərɪ)
adj
1. unmanageable or obstinate
2. (Medicine) med not responding to treatment
3. (General Physics) (of a material) able to withstand high temperatures without fusion or decomposition
n, pl -ries
(Elements & Compounds) a material, such as fire clay or alumina, that is able to withstand high temperatures: used to line furnaces, kilns, etc
[C17: variant of obsolete refractary]
reˈfractorily adv
reˈfractoriness n

re•frac•to•ry

(rɪˈfræk tə ri)

adj., n., pl. -ries. adj.
1. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child.
2. resisting ordinary methods of treatment.
3. difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal.
n.
4. a material that retains its shape and composition even when heated to extreme temperatures.
5. refractories, bricks of various shapes used in lining furnaces.
[1600–10; variant of refractary < Latin refrāctārius stubborn]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refractory - lining consisting of material with a high melting pointrefractory - lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
lining, liner - a protective covering that protects an inside surface
fireclay - a heat-resistant clay
alumina, aluminium oxide, aluminum oxide - any of various forms of aluminum oxide occurring naturally as corundum
Adj.1.refractory - not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a refractory case of acne"; "stubborn rust stains"
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
intractable - not tractable; difficult to manage or mold; "an intractable disposition"; "intractable pain"; "the most intractable issue of our era"; "intractable metal"
2.refractory - temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli; "the refractory period of a muscle fiber"
unresponsive - not responding to some influence or stimulus
3.refractory - stubbornly resistant to authority or control; "a fractious animal that would not submit to the harness"; "a refractory child"
disobedient - not obeying or complying with commands of those in authority; "disobedient children"

refractory

refractory

adjective
Translations
itsepäinenitsepintainenkuumuudenkestäväomapäinenrefraktaarinen

refractory

[rɪˈfræktərɪ] ADJ
1. (= obstinate) → obstinado
2. (Tech) → refractario

refractory

[rɪˈfræktəri] adj (= recalcitrant) → réfractaire
refractory to → réfractaire à

refractory

adj
(Med) → hartnäckig
(Chem, Miner) → hitzebeständig

refractory

[rɪˈfræktrɪ] adj (frm) → refrattario/a

re·frac·to·ry

a. refractario-a.
1. resistente a un tratamiento;
2. que no responde a un estímulo.

refractory

adj resistente al tratamiento
References in classic literature ?
It has rarely been attempted to be employed, but against the weaker members; and in most instances attempts to coerce the refractory and disobedient have been the signals of bloody wars, in which one half of the confederacy has displayed its banners against the other half.
Weller knocked at the door, and after a pretty long interval--occupied by the party without, in whistling a tune, and by the party within, in persuading a refractory flat candle to allow itself to be lighted--a pair of small boots pattered over the floor-cloth, and Master Bardell presented himself.
I honour the refractory, fastidious tongues and stomachs, which have learned to say "I" and "Yea" and "Nay.
Always refractory and grumbling -- monsieur -- monsieur -- What do they call you?
Whether he noticed the look of terror with which Pierre regarded that lifeless arm, or whether some other thought flitted across his dying brain, at any rate he glanced at the refractory arm, at Pierre's terror-stricken face, and again at the arm, and on his face a feeble, piteous smile appeared, quite out of keeping with his features, that seemed to deride his own helplessness.
He knew the game, and could conquer the most refractory lion with a broom-handle--not outside the cage, but inside and locked in.
This part of the Course was usually lightened by several single combats between Biddy and refractory students.
He still made a naughty or refractory lad stand with one arm stretched out for anything from ten minutes to half an hour, and he was as violent as before with his tongue.
There was a good deal of giggling as the girls came out from the little dressing room and joined their waiting escorts, who stood in a line against the wall, mostly struggling with refractory gloves.
I answered I was afraid of it when I left them there, and nothing troubled me at my parting from the island but that they were not come back, that I might have put them in possession of everything first, and left the others in a state of subjection, as they deserved; but if they had reduced them to it I was very glad, and should be very far from finding any fault with it; for I knew they were a parcel of refractory, ungoverned villains, and were fit for any manner of mischief.
So busy was she with her card full of refractory figures that she did not observe a newcomer, who entered without stopping the vehicle, till a masculine voice said, "Good morning, Miss March," and, looking up, she beheld one of Laurie's most elegant college friends.
he ejaculated at the top of his voice to a ragged wolfish-looking dog, a sort of lurcher, half mastiff, half greyhound, which ran limping about as if with the purpose of seconding his master in collecting the refractory grunters; but which, in fact, from misapprehension of the swine-herd's signals, ignorance of his own duty, or malice prepense, only drove them hither and thither, and increased the evil which he seemed to design to remedy.