refrain(redirected from refrained)
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To hold oneself back; forbear from doing something: refrained from swearing.
[Middle English refreinen, from Old French refrener, to restrain, from Latin refrēnāre : re-, re- + frēnāre, to restrain (from frēnum, bridle, from frendere, to grind; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots).]
a. A phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza.
b. Music for the refrain of a song.
2. A song or melody.
3. A repeated utterance or theme.
[Middle English refrein, from Old French refrain, alteration of refrait, past participle of refraindre, to break off, repeat, from Vulgar Latin *refrangere, to break off, alteration of Latin refringere; see refract.]
(usually foll by: from) to abstain (from action); forbear
[C14: from Latin refrēnāre to check with a bridle, from re- + frēnum a bridle]
1. (Music, other) a regularly recurring melody, such as the chorus of a song
2. a much repeated saying or idea
[C14: via Old French, ultimately from Latin refringere to break into pieces]
1. to keep oneself from doing or saying something (often fol. by from).v.t.
2. Archaic. to curb.
[1300–50; Middle English refreinen < Old French refrener < Latin refrēnāre to rein in, restrain =re- re- + -frēnāre, v. derivative of frēnum bridle]
1. a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a song or poem, esp. at the end of each stanza; chorus.
a. a musical setting for a poetic refrain.
b. melody; tune.
c. the recurrent section of a rondo.
[1325–75; Middle English refreyne < Old French refrain, n. derivative of refraindre to break sequence < Vulgar Latin *refrangere, for Latin refringere to break back]
- ballade - A verse or poem made up of three stanzas of equal length with a recurrent line or refrain at the end of each of the stanzas.
- condone - From Latin condonare, "refrain from punishing," it does not mean "approve of, endorse"; it means "let something pass without interference even though you probably disapprove," or "pardon, forgive, overlook."
- burden, refrain, chorus - The burden is the main theme or gist of a speech, book, or argument—or the refrain or chorus of a song.
- deport - The earliest sense of deport was "bear with; refrain."
Past participle: refrained
A phrase, line, or group of lines repeated through a poem, usually at the end of each stanza.
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|Noun||1.||refrain - the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers|
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
song, vocal - a short musical composition with words; "a successful musical must have at least three good songs"
|Verb||1.||refrain - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"|
leave alone, leave behind, leave - leave unchanged or undisturbed or refrain from taking; "leave it as is"; "leave the young fawn alone"; "leave the flowers that you see in the park behind"
let it go - not act; "He thought of a reply but let it go"
abstain - refrain from voting
help oneself, help - abstain from doing; always used with a negative; "I can't help myself--I have to smoke"; "She could not help watching the sad spectacle"
stand by - not act or do anything; "He just stood by when the police beat up the demonstrators"
sit out - not participate in (an activity, such as a dance or a sports event); "He sat out the game"
|2.||refrain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"|
fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
teetotal - practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages
verb stop, avoid, give up, cease, do without, renounce, abstain, eschew, leave off, desist, forbear, kick (informal) She refrained from making any comment.
halda aftur af sérviîlag, stef
vi please refrain! → bitte unterlassen Sie das!; he refrained from comment → er enthielt sich eines Kommentars; they refrained from such actions → sie sahen von einem solchen Vorgehen ab; I couldn’t refrain from laughing → ich konnte mir das Lachen nicht verkneifen; kindly refrain from saying that in front of the children → würden Sie das bitte nicht vor den Kindern sagen; please refrain from smoking → bitte nicht rauchen!
n (Mus, Poet, fig) → Refrain m
a line of words or music repeated regularly in a song, especially at the end of or after each verse; a chorus. refrein لازِمَه припев refrear / conter / reprimir refrén der Refrain refræn; omkvæd επωδός, ρεφρένestribillo refrään سرود و شعر را برگرداندن؛ بند ترجیع kertosäe refrain פִּזמוֹן חוֹזֵר राग में दोहराने के शब्द pripjev refrén ulangan viðlag, stef refrain, ritornello 折り返し 후렴 priedainis refrēns; piedziedājums korus refreinrefreng, omkvedrefren سروكى (بدلى، سندرى مسرى ټپى، ټيكۍ refrão refren припев refrén pripev refren refräng ทำนองเพลง nakarat 歌曲的副歌 приспів, рефрен بار بار گایا جانے والا مصرعہ điệp khúc （诗歌或乐曲的）叠句重复迭句，合唱句, 副歌
(with from) not to do; to avoid. You are asked to refrain from smoking / from (drinking) alcohol. weerhou يَمْتَنِع عن въздържам abster-se zdržet se unterlassen afholde sig fra; undlade αποφεύγω abstenerse de hoiduma جلو گیری کردن؛ خودداری کردن pidättäytyä s'abstenir לְהִימָנַע परहेज करना obuzdavati (se), uzdržati se tartózkodik (vmitől) menghindari halda aftur af sér astenersi 控える 참다 susilaikyti atturēties menahan diri zich onthoudenavholde seg frapowstrzymać się ځان ژغورل، ډډه كول abster-se a se abţine (de la) воздерживаться zdržať sa opustiti (kaj) suzdržati se avhålla sig, avstå ระงับไว้ sakınmak, kaçınmak 不要做某事，避免做某事 утримуватися پرہیز کرنا kìm chế 戒除, ，克制，避免