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Related to refutability: falsifying, falsification, Unfalsifiability


tr.v. re·fut·ed, re·fut·ing, re·futes
1. To prove to be false or erroneous; overthrow by argument or proof: refute testimony.
2. To deny the accuracy or truth of: refuted the results of the poll.
3. Usage Problem To repudiate.

[Latin refūtāre; see bhau- in Indo-European roots.]

re·fut′a·bil′i·ty (rĭ-fyo͞o′tə-bĭl′ĭ-tē, rĕf′yə-tə-) n.
re·fut′a·ble (rĭ-fyo͞o′tə-bəl, rĕf′yə-tə-) adj.
re·fut′a·bly adv.
re·fut′er n.
Usage Note: Traditionally, the verb refute has two meanings. The first is "to prove to be false or erroneous," as in Charges of institutional bias against women were refuted by an analysis of the employment data. In this example, it is clear that an argument was mustered to demonstrate the falsity of the charges. This usage is well established as standard. The second meaning is "to deny the accuracy of," and in this use there is no mention or implication of mustering evidence or detailed reasoning. Rather, the refutation exists as a simple statement or claim. This second use has been criticized as incorrect or inappropriate since the early 1900s, despite being common. A majority of the Usage Panel accepts the use as a synonym of deny, but not by a wide margin. In our 2002 survey, 62 percent accepted the example In the press conference, the senator categorically refuted the charges of malfeasance but declined to go into details. This suggests that many readers are uncomfortable with this usage and would prefer to see deny in these contexts. Beyond these two meanings, refute is sometimes used to mean "to deny the validity of, repudiate," as in Observers are expecting the appeals court to refute the Microsoft breakup. The Panel has scant affection for this usage. Some 89 percent rejected the example just quoted in the 2002 survey.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Evidently, this principle--and especially its magnitude--cannot be empirically tested for refutability because the relevant data is "hidden", and so it does not adhere to Karl Popper's principle of falsifiability.
579, 593 (1993) ("[T]he criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability, or refutability, or testability") (quoting K.
The block models are designed to meet the three goals of simplicity, refutability (constructed such that assumptions can be tested), and transparency (dynamics are understandable).
22) Instead, Daubert requires federal judges faced with a proffer of scientific expert testimony to make a preliminary assessment of whether the reasoning or methodology underlying the expert's testimony is scientifically valid by considering several nonexclusive features: its subjection to peer review; its known or potential error rate; its falsifiability, refutability, or testability; the existence and maintenance of standards controlling its operation; and its general acceptance in the relevant scientific community.
Seeking and avoiding belief- discrepant information as a function of its perceived refutability.
We can better understand this by Feyeraband's analysis of refutability of theories focusing the question how falsification involves complexities.
Hence, provability and refutability are really features of formal systems and only apply to concrete tokens, since they can be "pulled back" from these formal systems by inverting the relevant injective maps from the germane practices to the formal systems in question.
The dissemination of science is grounded on the reliability and value of the research literature that, through an editorial process, expresses the necessary detail to meet the reproducibility and refutability demands that underlie the scientific method.
And he has offered a measure of the degree of refutability of a theory by defining a field of its potential falsifiers, which is relative to both theory and means of testing factual claims by empirical means.
The expectation in this article is that this test aggregates a functionality to the Didactic Engineering methodology, making it a more efficient method for handling small samples, meeting the prerogative of falsifiability in the scientific method, that is, "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability, or refutability, or testability" found in page 60 of [3].
1995a) and Kumar (1996) on procedural fairness in exchange relationship identified six principles namely, bilateral communication, impartiality, refutability, explanations, familiarity and courtesy, that have been used to determine whether a relationship is procedurally just.