refute


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re·fute

 (rĭ-fyo͞ot′)
tr.v. re·fut·ed, re·fut·ing, re·futes
1. To prove to be false or erroneous; overthrow by argument or proof: refute testimony.
2. To deny the accuracy or truth of: refuted the results of the poll.
3. Usage Problem To repudiate.

[Latin refūtāre; see bhau- in Indo-European roots.]

re·fut′a·bil′i·ty (rĭ-fyo͞o′tə-bĭl′ĭ-tē, rĕf′yə-tə-) n.
re·fut′a·ble (rĭ-fyo͞o′tə-bəl, rĕf′yə-tə-) adj.
re·fut′a·bly adv.
re·fut′er n.
Usage Note: Traditionally, the verb refute has two meanings. The first is "to prove to be false or erroneous," as in Charges of institutional bias against women were refuted by an analysis of the employment data. In this example, it is clear that an argument was mustered to demonstrate the falsity of the charges. This usage is well established as standard. The second meaning is "to deny the accuracy of," and in this use there is no mention or implication of mustering evidence or detailed reasoning. Rather, the refutation exists as a simple statement or claim. This second use has been criticized as incorrect or inappropriate since the early 1900s, despite being common. A majority of the Usage Panel accepts the use as a synonym of deny, but not by a wide margin. In our 2002 survey, 62 percent accepted the example In the press conference, the senator categorically refuted the charges of malfeasance but declined to go into details. This suggests that many readers are uncomfortable with this usage and would prefer to see deny in these contexts. Beyond these two meanings, refute is sometimes used to mean "to deny the validity of, repudiate," as in Observers are expecting the appeals court to refute the Microsoft breakup. The Panel has scant affection for this usage. Some 89 percent rejected the example just quoted in the 2002 survey.

refute

(rɪˈfjuːt)
vb
1. (tr) to prove (a statement, theory, charge, etc) of (a person) to be false or incorrect; disprove
2. to deny (a claim, charge, allegation, etc)
[C16: from Latin refūtāre to rebut]
refutable adj
refutability n
ˈrefutably adv
reˈfuter n
Usage: The use of refute to mean deny is thought by many people to be incorrect

re•fute

(rɪˈfyut)

v.t. -fut•ed, -fut•ing.
1. to prove to be false or erroneous, as an opinion or charge.
2. to prove (a person) to be in error.
[1505–15; < Latin refūtāre to check, suppress, refute, rebut =re- re- + -fūtāre presumably, “to beat” (attested only with the prefixes con- and re-; compare confute)]
re•fut•a•ble (rɪˈfyu tə bəl, ˈrɛf yə tə-) adj.
re•fut`a•bil′i•ty, n.
re•fut′a•bly, adv.
re•fut′er, n.
rebut, refute - To rebut a statement is to offer clear evidence or a reasoned argument against it; to refute a statement is to prove it wrong (neither means "contradict" or "deny").
See also related terms for prove.

refute


Past participle: refuted
Gerund: refuting

Imperative
refute
refute
Present
I refute
you refute
he/she/it refutes
we refute
you refute
they refute
Preterite
I refuted
you refuted
he/she/it refuted
we refuted
you refuted
they refuted
Present Continuous
I am refuting
you are refuting
he/she/it is refuting
we are refuting
you are refuting
they are refuting
Present Perfect
I have refuted
you have refuted
he/she/it has refuted
we have refuted
you have refuted
they have refuted
Past Continuous
I was refuting
you were refuting
he/she/it was refuting
we were refuting
you were refuting
they were refuting
Past Perfect
I had refuted
you had refuted
he/she/it had refuted
we had refuted
you had refuted
they had refuted
Future
I will refute
you will refute
he/she/it will refute
we will refute
you will refute
they will refute
Future Perfect
I will have refuted
you will have refuted
he/she/it will have refuted
we will have refuted
you will have refuted
they will have refuted
Future Continuous
I will be refuting
you will be refuting
he/she/it will be refuting
we will be refuting
you will be refuting
they will be refuting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been refuting
you have been refuting
he/she/it has been refuting
we have been refuting
you have been refuting
they have been refuting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been refuting
you will have been refuting
he/she/it will have been refuting
we will have been refuting
you will have been refuting
they will have been refuting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been refuting
you had been refuting
he/she/it had been refuting
we had been refuting
you had been refuting
they had been refuting
Conditional
I would refute
you would refute
he/she/it would refute
we would refute
you would refute
they would refute
Past Conditional
I would have refuted
you would have refuted
he/she/it would have refuted
we would have refuted
you would have refuted
they would have refuted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.refute - overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof; "The speaker refuted his opponent's arguments"
repudiate, disown, renounce - cast off; "She renounced her husband"; "The parents repudiated their son"
controvert, contradict, oppose - be resistant to; "The board opposed his motion"
answer - give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument); "The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution"
2.refute - prove to be false or incorrect
confute, disprove - prove to be false; "The physicist disproved his colleagues' theories"

refute

verb disprove, counter, discredit, prove false, silence, overthrow, negate, rebut, give the lie to, blow out of the water (slang), confute It was the kind of rumour that is impossible to refute.
prove, confirm, substantiate
Usage: The use of refute to mean deny as in I'm not refuting the fact that is thought by some people to be incorrect. In careful writing it may be advisable to use refute only where there is an element of disproving something through argument and evidence, as in we haven't got evidence to refute their hypothesis.

refute

verb
To prove or show to be false:
Translations
يَدْحَض
vyvrátit
modbevise
hrekja, afsanna
atmestinaspaneigiamas
atspēkot
delillerle çürütmek

refute

[rɪˈfjuːt] VTrefutar, rebatir

refute

[rɪˈfjuːt] vt [+ suggestion, allegation, claim, idea] → réfuter

refute

vtwiderlegen

refute

[rɪˈfjuːt] vt (frm) → confutare

refute

(rəˈfjuːt) verb
to prove that (a person, statement etc) is wrong. You can easily refute his argument.
reˈfutable adjective
ˌrefuˈtation (refju-) noun
References in classic literature ?
It is scarcely the province of an author to refute the arguments of his censors and vindicate his own productions; but I may be allowed to make here a few observations with which I would have prefaced the first edition, had I foreseen the necessity of such precautions against the misapprehensions of those who would read it with a prejudiced mind or be content to judge it by a hasty glance.
I take the imputation in good part, as a compliment to the just delineation of my female characters; and though I am bound to attribute much of the severity of my censors to this suspicion, I make no effort to refute it, because, in my own mind, I am satisfied that if a book is a good one, it is so whatever the sex of the author may be.
Their ideas seemed to him fruitful when he was reading or was himself seeking arguments to refute other theories, especially those of the materialists; but as soon as he began to read or sought fat himself a solution of problems, the same thing always happened.
The soil of all the former states has the appearance of an alluvial deposit; and isolated rocks have been found, of a nature and in situations which render it difficult to refute the opinion that they have been transferred to their present beds by floating ice.
Now, when a man is in this state, and the questioning spirit asks what is fair or honourable, and he answers as the legislator has taught him, and then arguments many and diverse refute his words, until he is driven into believing that nothing is honourable any more than dishonourable, or just and good any more than the reverse, and so of all the notions which he most valued, do you think that he will still honour and obey them as before?
There is a danger lest they should taste the dear delight too early; for youngsters, as you may have observed, when they first get the taste in their mouths, argue for amusement, and are always contradicting and refuting others in imitation of those who refute them; like puppy-dogs, they rejoice in pulling and tearing at all who come near them.
The latter did not even take the pains to refute the arguments of his rival.
Yet the idea dwells so strongly in my mind, that I feel considerably tempted to write a page or two in detailing at least the outline of my hypothesis, leaving better antiquaries to correct or refute conclusions which are perhaps too hastily drawn.
Further, to enable me to cast this variety of subjects somewhat into the shade, and to express my judgment regarding them with greater freedom, without being necessitated to adopt or refute the opinions of the learned, I resolved to leave all the people here to their disputes, and to speak only of what would happen in a new world, if God were now to create somewhere in the imaginary spaces matter sufficient to compose one, and were to agitate variously and confusedly the different parts of this matter, so that there resulted a chaos as disordered as the poets ever feigned, and after that did nothing more than lend his ordinary concurrence to nature, and allow her to act in accordance with the laws which he had established.
Wickham, I can only refute it by laying before you the whole of his connection with my family.
I used to refute him by telling him that I measured his immortality by the wings of his soul, and that I should have to live endless aeons in order to achieve the full measurement.
A woman bent on her marriage is a woman who can meet the objections of the whole world, single-handed, and refute them all.