reinnervation


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Related to reinnervation: denervation

reinnervation

(ˌriːɪnɜːˈveɪʃən)
n
the restoration of a nerve supply by surgery or by regeneration
Translations

re·in·ner·va·tion

n. reinervación, injerto de un nervio para restaurar la función de un músculo.
References in periodicals archive ?
The rationale for the utilization of crush injury over transection is due to successful regeneration guided by Schwann cells and maintenance of endoneurial tubes that enhances axonal elongation and subsequently reinnervation of skeletal muscle fibres (Valero-Cabre et al., 2004).
Because of the distance from target muscles and time necessary for reinnervation of extensor muscles in the forearm, these lesions usually generate functional impairments (Lowe et al.; Ray & Mackinnon; Sukegawa et al.).
Global assessment of outcomes after varying reinnervation techniques for patients with facial paralysis after acoustic neuroma excision.
Unrecordable median SNAP or severe reduction of CMAP with active denervation or severe chronic denervation/ reinnervation.
During the operation -- which was screened live to an industry congress in Vienna -- doctors also took nerves once used to control his hand and connected them to muscles in his upper arm, a procedure called 'Targeted Muscle Reinnervation'.
An autopsy on a single ALS patient showed denervation and reinnervation changes in muscles, where the MNs remained structurally intact.[21] These results demonstrated that the MN pathology begins with NMJs and distal axons, then proceeds in reverse, as a 'dying back' pattern.
With muscle and sensory targets located at considerable distances from the site of injury and slow nerve regeneration of 2.5 cm/month, successful lower extremity reinnervation requires early repair after injury.
One potential mechanism includes inhibition of muscle atrophy during the period of reinnervation. A second possible mechanism is the acceleration of nerve regeneration itself (Al-Majed et al., 2000).
Given the challenge of obtaining a positive outcome with laryngoplasty, other alternative treatments of cordectomy, ventriculectomy, arytenoidectomy, or reinnervation have been considered as viable treatment options.
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays an important neurophysiological function, as it participates in increases in myelin synthesis, neuronal growth and development, protein synthesis, and muscle fiber reinnervation (neurotrophic factor).
Needle EMG revealed motor unit potentials showing chronic denervation and reinnervation findings in the muscles innervated by left facial nerve.
In the context of neural transplantation, it is known that astrocytes are active supporters of reinnervation of the host brain by the graft.