Gradually trade with the Continent, also, was reestablished and grew; but perhaps the most important humanizing influence was the reintroduction
It is our hope that this tool will not only provide evidence to guide the current debate in Scotland, but can be used more widely in discussions around large carnivore reintroductions
Wildwood director Peter Smith said: "Our ecosystem desperately needs reintroductions
like this; apex predators are critical for controlling species like deer which can overpopulate and cause serious damage to natural habitats.
Scottish Natural Heritage are being kept informed after Environment Secretary Roseanna Cunningham pledged last year that no reintroductions
would go ahead without full consultation.
We want local people to get involved and really embrace the project." The Trust says bringing back lynx could have significant financial benefits to rural Northumberland, citing multi-million pound eco-tourism industries that have developed around lynx reintroductions
Captive breeding programmes in European zoos and reintroductions
have led to a gradual increase in numbers, and the project in Romania aims to establish a self-sustaining population there and boost the variety of wildlife in the region.
This book is associated with the Society for Ecological Restoration, the Center for Plant Conservation (CPC), and a 2009 international symposium "Evaluating Plant Reintroductions
as Plant Conservation Strategy: Two Decades of Evidence." It extends and supplants a 1996 CPC and Island Press publication, Restoring Diversity (Falk et al.).
These are the latest in a series of successful reintroductions
that have already re-established populations in the South and West of the island after the reds were almost wiped out by the 1990s.
Some environmental advocates also oppose wildlife reintroductions
. One argument is that people have "played God" enough and should stop tinkering even more with wildlife and ecosystems, especially given that the overall long-term impact is always uncertain.
"Survival rates of dormice reintroduced into the wild are extremely high, demonstrating the success of this activity as part of the longer-term conservation strategy, which combines monitoring the status of the species, with reintroductions
and ongoing sympathetic habitat management." The site, which has special conservation status, is a mixed woodland featuring oak, crab apple and silver birch trees, as well as bracken, brambles, bluebells and honeysuckle - all of which provide an ideal habitat for dormice..
of muskoxen (Ovibus moschatus), European bison (Bison bonasus), and moose (Alces alces) have occurred recently in Russia.
Here in the UK, it has often been hunting pressure from humans that has been responsible for the loss of native species, so reintroductions
are potentially much less fraught.