relativism

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rel·a·tiv·ism

 (rĕl′ə-tĭ-vĭz′əm)
n. Philosophy
The theory that value judgments, as of truth, beauty, or morality, have no universal validity but are valid only for the persons or groups holding them.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

relativism

(ˈrɛlətɪˌvɪzəm)
n
(Philosophy) any theory holding that truth or moral or aesthetic value, etc, is not universal or absolute but may differ between individuals or cultures. See also historicism
ˈrelativist n, adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

rel•a•tiv•ism

(ˈrɛl ə təˌvɪz əm)

n.
any theory of knowledge, truth, morality, etc., holding that criteria of judgment may vary with individuals and their environments.
[1860–65]
rel′a•tiv•ist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

relativism

any theory maintaining that criteria of judgment vary with individuals and their environments; relationism. Cf. ethical relativism.relativist, n.relativistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

relativism

The view that there are no absolute truths or values.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.relativism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
relativizam
relativismo

relativism

[ˈrelətɪvɪzəm] Nrelativismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

relativism

nRelativismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in classic literature ?
In morality, Nietzsche starts out by adopting the position of the relativist. He says there are no absolute values "good" and "evil"; these are mere means adopted by all in order to acquire power to maintain their place in the world, or to become supreme.
Moral relativists do not accept universal moral rules in making moral judgments; instead, they often rely heavily on the situational circumstances, feeling that what is moral depends on the nature of the situation, the prevailing culture and the individuals involved.
Forth's exploration of porcupine classification argues against the strict relativists approach that only sees difference of classifications being based on deep symbolic meanings and associations.
These objects were the hook that the three Texas relativists needed to reel in the astronomers.
Therefore, even those who are past this almost inevitable stage cannot fail to have sympathy with the honorable scruples of the relativists. They know that the problem is a complex one, and they also appreciate some of the reasons prompting the positivists.
Moral error-theorists and relativists agree that there are no absolute moral facts, but disagree whether that makes all moral judgments false.
Relativists (including many on the political left) are paralyzed by their acceptance of the absurd view that all cultures are morally equal.
The attack on the validity of notion of human rights law has been launched mainly from two quarters, the Feminists critics and the Cultural Relativists (Brem, 1997: 136).
For a world without gravity, he discusses non-relativity for relativists, the invariance of physical law under change of inertial frame of reference, using and understanding the Lorentz transformation, the measure of space-time, and electromagnetic theory in space-time.
What liberal relativists hoped was true worked better before the 1990's Gingrich revolution, before the religious right-wing first tasted political blood, and before conservatives learned how easy it was to portray compromise as weakness, moral softness, insincerity, and the inability to lead.
Indeed, relativists are not totally wrong in urging us to bury all "great narratives" and to replace "essentialism" and "objectivity" with various kinds of "pragmatism".
Considering the results from the present experiment and from previous studies, the researchers say that it seems that when the differences between truth and falsehoods are clear-cut, people behave like relativists, and use similar processes to arrive at a decision.

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