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n. pl. re·o·vi·rus·es
Any of a family of viruses that contain double-stranded RNA and are associated with various diseases in animals, including human respiratory and gastrointestinal infections.


any member of the family of viruses Reoviridae, characterized by double-stranded RNA and found in the respiratory and digestive systems of vertebrates


(ˌri oʊˈvaɪ rəs, ˈri oʊˌvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several large viruses of the family Reoviridae having double-stranded RNA and a polyhedral capsid: includes viruses that cause gastroenteritis.
[1955–60; r(espiratory)e(nteric)o(rphan)virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reovirus - any of a group of non-arboviruses including the rotavirus causing infant enteritis
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
rotavirus - the reovirus causing infant enteritis
References in periodicals archive ?
But with the ability to create intact, gene-altered reoviruses, scientists can now learn the precise functions of each reoviral gene by knocking out individual genes and observing what's lacking, structurally or functionally, in offspring viruses.
Polymorphism of the migration of double-stranded RNA genome segments of avian reoviruses.
The amino-acid sequences of the conserved sigma A and sigma NS proteins show less than 60% sequence similarity, whereas those of the outer capsid proteins sigma B and sigma C have, at most, 47% sequence similarity to their counterparts in other bird or bat reoviruses.
The claims describe the use of one or more recombinant reoviruses to treat Ras-mediated proliferative disorders.
The claims describe using recombinant reoviruses for the treatment of Ral-mediated neoplasms and non-cancer cellular proliferative diseases such as neurofibromatosis.
Mammalian reoviruses, members of the genus Orthoreovirus, are nonenveloped double-stranded RNA viruses with a genome composed of 10 segments.
Avian reoviruses that have been shown to be genetically distinct from chicken origin reoviruses were isolated from commercial turkey flocks in the Southeastern US and Texas that were experiencing enteritis.
This patent covers the use of various strains and combinations of reoviruses, wherein one or more of the reoviruses may be immunoprotected, as a treatment for Ras-mediated proliferative disorders, such as neurofibromatosis and cancer in an immunocompetent mammal.
The claims describe using various human reoviruses to treat cancers that have inactivated or deleted PKR, a host cellular protein responsible for preventing virus replication within a cell.
Members of the genus Orthoreovirus differ in their host reservoir and capability of syncytium formation; most avian orthoreoviruses are fusogenic and fail to agglutinate erythrocytes, unlike the mammalian reoviruses (4).