A twentieth-century reprint is a publication that has used an optical technology--photography or scanning--to reproduce a publication that had previously been brought out by a publisher other than the reprinter
. Today, reprints represent a small segment of the publications with which music librarians deal, but during and after World War II, reprints were a major form of music publication, and, arguably, the principal means of making the canonical works of the West's musical heritage available for performance and study.
for years, until one day a discourteous reprinter
decided to seize upon
One of these unholy figures was Alexander Donaldson, an Edinburgh reprinter
of English editions, whose cheap and unauthorized productions made him guilty of book piracy in the eyes of the publishing establishment.
Because the author always has (and cannot relinquish) her "naked property," the reprinter
can only appropriate the use and profits (usus et fructus) stemming from that property.
For every unscrupulous reprinter
, there is a greedy monopolist; for every robber, a robber baron: piracy is in the eye of the beholder.
Shall we say, George Faulkner (identified above); Matthew Carey, founder of America's first publishing house, Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, which celebrated its bicentennial in 1985; and Patrick Byrne, the quintessential Dublin-Philadelphia reprinter
of English writers.
To bring some measure of regulation and propriety to these practices, publishers began to observe "what they called a `courtesy copyright,' in which the American reprinter
[of a work first published abroad] had sole rights if he was the first to produce a book in this country...."(131) According to the self-imposed code of trade courtesy, an American publisher would negotiate with a foreign author for the "right" to reprint a work or would simply announce its intention to publish as a way of putting competitors on notice.(132) Under this informal and wholly extralegal arrangement, a publisher's claim to the uncopyrighted work of a foreign author would be respected by other publishing houses, which could in turn expect such courtesy to be extended to their own titles.(133)
It's being produced again--along with the Navy's excellent old brick, concrete, and foundry manuals--by Lindsay Publications, the quirky reprinter
of technical manuals from times gone by.
Snyder, who came up through the ranks of paperback marketing, defends this decision with the cant of the reprinter
: "To publish is to disseminate.
Since he cannot sell his work as cheaply as the pirate reprinter
can, the rightful publisher thus finds far less market for the original edition, less than that reprinter
who moreover has the advantage of producing the work of one author in a consistent series; as, for example, Simrock and several Parisian publishers who produce your works [for sale]....
The prologue may also have been omitted because The Jew's Boston and Philadelphia reprinters
decided that prejudice against Jews was no more relevant to early republican America than the health of the British oak.