But human reproductive cloning
would be every bit as misguided and dangerous now as it was then.
According to the (https://www.genome.gov/25020028) National Institutes of Health , for this type of cloning, also known as reproductive cloning
, scientists remove a mature somatic cell (any type of cell, except a sperm or egg cell) from the animal the scientists wish to copy.
MITOCHONDRIAL REPLACEMENT THERAPY: A SLIPPERY SLOPE TO EUGENIC GERM-LINE ENHANCEMENT AND REPRODUCTIVE CLONING
? JAMES T.
"It would be naive to say this isn't a step closer to irresponsible people attempting reproductive cloning
," said Gerald Schatten, an animal-cloning researcher at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, who opposes human cloning but supports the research.
An introductory chapter reviews relevant principles of biology and chemistry; then book delves into stem cell research, embryo selection, the human genome project, genetic therapy and enhancement, reproductive cloning
, longevity treatment, cognitive enhancement, and the promise of synthetic biology.
The advancement aroused immediate worries of reproductive cloning
, the possibility of generating genetic duplicates of people.
Indeed, human reproductive cloning
profoundly challenges our deepest and most cherished beliefs and opens vast new arenas for scientific investigation.
Human reproductive cloning
is not yet a reality, but this has not stopped speculation from scientists, philosophers, and theologians.
The studies at UAB can not only be applied to reproductive cloning
of animal models, but can also be used for the reprogramming of cells for therapeutic aims.
Burt carefully avoided any mention of so-called therapeutic cloning or the fact that both therapeutic and reproductive cloning
use the same techniquesomatic cell nuclear transfer or SCNT (which the National Institutes of Health has called "the scientific term for cloning")to produce a new human organism.
Meanwhile, human reproductive cloning
remains legal at the Federal level and in most states.
takes DNA from the donor and transfers it into an egg which has most of its own genetic material removed.