That means that the gas and the haze behave very differently in the way they absorb and reradiate
energy from the sun.
Carbon dioxide, like other greenhouse gases, can absorb and reradiate
infrared light back to Earth.
It also depends on the road surface; the dark surface of the road will reradiate
the heat from the sun back towards your car.
Specifically, in urban areas the warming from climate change increases the risk of heat waves by compounding the existing problem of urban heat islands--a result of urban areas being hotter than surrounding rural areas due to more impervious and heat absorbing surfaces that retain and subsequently reradiate
incident solar radiation, less vegetation, and more local heat production [2,3].
long-wave radiation (heat) in all directions.
They also absorb some of Earth's outgoing radiation and then reradiate
some of this absorbed energy--which would otherwise be sent into outer space--back to the Earth's surface.
Revelle and Suess 1957) that the particular infrared absorption bands of C[O.sub.2] provide it with a special ability to absorb and reradiate
the sun's longer wavelength radiation, causing warming of the troposphere and an increase in high-altitude (cirrus) cloud, further amplifying the heating process.
This temperature differential, which can exceed 10[degrees]C, results from several factors: loss of vegetation with accompanying loss of evapotranspiration; dark surfaces with low albedo (i.e., surface reflectivity), which absorb and then reradiate
heat; building configurations that trap heat; and the concentrated generation of heat from generators, vehicles, and other sources (Oke 1982).
Pavement and buildings absorb and reradiate
far more heat energy than fields and forests.
The "greenhouse effect" is the well-known process that keeps the Earth's temperature above the -18[degrees]C temperature it would have if greenhouse gases in the atmosphere did not absorb the sun's heat and reradiate
it back to the surface.
Those constituents reradiate
upwards and downwards, thereby heating the Earth's surface.
"We're relying on objects in the room to absorb the heat and then reradiate
that heat outward just like what the sun does with the earth," Caldwell said.