res judicata

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Related to res judicata: Issue preclusion

res ju·di·ca·ta

 (rēz′ jo͞o′dĭ-kä′tə, rās′)
n. pl. res ju·di·ca·tae (-kä′tē, -tī)
1. The principle that a decision by a competent court in a case fully and fairly litigated is final and conclusive as to the claims and issues of the parties and cannot be relitigated.
2. A claim or issue that has been decided under this principle.

[Latin rēs iūdicāta, thing decided : rēs, thing + iūdicāta, feminine past participle of iūdicāre, to judge.]

res judicata

(ˈreɪs ˌdʒuːdɪˈkɑːtə) or

res adjudicata

(Law) law a matter already adjudicated upon that cannot be raised again

res ju•di•ca•ta

(ˈriz ˌdʒu dɪˈkeɪ tə, ˈreɪs)
a thing adjudicated; a case that has been decided.
[1685–95; < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.res judicata - a matter already settled in court; cannot be raised again
matter, topic, issue, subject - some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
References in periodicals archive ?
G) Have Been The Subject Of A Judgment Which Has The Force Of Res Judicata For Fraud, Corruption,
class] action cannot predetermine the res judicata effect of the
The European decision regarding mortgages in Swiss Francs is a crucial res judicata for borrowers, and it is one of the strongest weapons in the borrowers' arsenal in their effort to alleviate the burden of debt which they are facing.
Supreme Court, which confirmed that the Bankruptcy Court's 1986 confirmation and insurance orders and its 2004 clarifying order were within the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court and collateral attacks of the 1986 orders were barred by res judicata as they were final some 20 years later.
It reflects amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and covers important new Supreme Court cases on personal jurisdiction, federal jurisdiction, pleading class action, res judicata, and the Erie doctrine.
The employees had sought to argue that their dismissals had been unfair due to an "abuse of process" and that the principle of res judicata applied, which could have prevented the Council from re-opening the disciplinary case against them.
Some commentators have read Cooper to undermine arguments against adequacy, given the Court's willingness to permit the individual actions despite a res judicata argument.
would be granted res judicata effect by courts in China and,
46) Finally, the Engle court opened the door for class members to file individual suits against the cigarette manufacturers within one year of its mandate, while allowing the Phase I findings to "have res judicata effect" in all subsequent trials.
The research proposes the principle of legal security with the following components:1) Component of legal security of the state administration; 2) security component of legal res judicata entered in the final decision taken by the state courts.
2012)), the First Circuit held that Notice 2011-70 would not apply to the taxpayer, even if her claim was not barred by res judicata, because the IRS failed to stipulate that the two year deadline was the only obstacle to her claim.
He also cited res judicata and collateral estoppel, both of which bar relitigation of suits under certain circumstances.