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|Noun||1.||respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system|
adult respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS, wet lung, white lung - acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
cold, common cold - a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a cure for the common cold?"
asthma, asthma attack, bronchial asthma - respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
bronchitis - inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
emphysema, pulmonary emphysema - an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
pneumonia - respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
atypical pneumonia, mycoplasmal pneumonia, primary atypical pneumonia - an acute respiratory disease marked by high fever and coughing; caused by mycoplasma; primarily affecting children and young adults
interstitial pneumonia - chronic lung disease affecting the interstitial tissue of the lungs
pneumoconiosis, pneumonoconiosis - chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
hyaline membrane disease, respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn - an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome - a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal