Dilly O (2003) Regulation of the respiratory quotient
of soil microbiota by availability of nutrients.
Variable 1st assessment 2nd assessment during at the end of residential outpatient treatment treatment (1-year follow-up) Fat-free mass percentage (%) 44.80 47.40 Fat-free mass (kg) 43.85 44.66 Fat mass percentage (%) 54.7 52.0 Fat mass (kg) 52.91 48.47 Trunk fat percentage (%) 57.00 55.00 Neck femoral BMD (g/[cm.sup.2]) 0.655 0.681 Measured resting energy 1589 1491 expenditure (mREE) (kcal/d) Respiratory quotient
(RQ) 0.74 0.82 Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.10 0.10 Glucose (mg/dl) 87 90 Insulin ([micro]U/ml) 27.8 20 HOMA index 5.97 4.64 Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 184 169 HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 47 47 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 121 106 C-reactive protein (mg/dl) 1.46 1.13 Fibrinogen (mg/dl) 433 413 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 29 24 (mm/h)
(1) Respiratory quotient
(RQ = ratio of C[O.sub.2] moles produced per unit mole [O.sub.2] consumed) used in the biological literature is applied to combustion of fossil and biomass fuels in order to rank their potential in producing global warming C[O.sub.2] (C[O.sub.2] in tons per GJ [approximately equal to] RQ * 0.1 and C[O.sub.2] in short tons per MMBtu = RQ * 0.116).
The respiratory quotient
, RQ is the ratio of the volumetric rate at which C[O.sub.2] is produced to the rate at which oxygen is consumed, and its value depends primarily on diet.
AA, African- American; BMI, body mass index; EA, European-American; RCR, respiratory control ratio; RQ, respiratory quotient
; VAT, visceral adipose tissue.
Food quotient, respiratory quotient
, and energy balance.
2.0 kPa C[O.sub.2] promotes changes in respiratory quotient
during storage time, keep higher mass loss in function of respiration (C[O.sub.2] losses) and lower soluble solids after storage.
Indirect calorimetry measures showed decreased energy expenditure on no-breakfast days and a significantly reduced respiratory quotient
, which indicates greater fat oxidation, she said.
The circadian rhythms of food and water consumption, the number of feeding anddrinking episodes, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, respiratory quotient
, gross motor activity, and body temperature were measured in male B6C3F1 mice that were fed ad libitum (AL) or fed a caloric-restricted diet (CR).
A study in endurance athletes has shown that L-carnitine supplementation decreases the respiratory quotient
(RQ) during a 45 minute cycling exercise, indicating a glycogen sparing effect, which is thought to lead to improved performance and a delayed onset of fatigue.
and calcification of Nautilus macromphalus (Cephalopoda: Nautiloidea).
Mean [V.sub.E], V[O.sub.2], VC[O.sub.2], nonprotein respiratory quotient
(npRQ), HR, [O.sub.2] pulse, ventilatory equivalents for oxygen ([V.sub.E]/V[O.sub.2]) and carbon dioxide ([V.sub.E]/VC[O.sub.2]) were measured during the last 10 min of the workload of 7.0 km/hr.