To the loner's ressentiment
, Conrad adds the liturgical trappings of a secular religion, to borrow Raymond Aron's term.
Namer souligne qu'en depit de l'idealisme pedagogique d'un tel pari, Mannheim est reste pessimiste quant aux chances de sa realisation, conscient de la persistance et de l'ampleur du ressentiment
anti-democratique dans l'ensemble des groupes sociaux sous le regime weimarien (pp.
Beyond Guilt and Atonement is, in part, an attempt to "rehabilitate" not just resentment, but the "man of resentment" (22)--the common assumption that humanity and moral virtue are automatically behind displays of a willingness to forgive, reconcile, and "move on," whereas prolonged display of ressentiment
and irreconcilability are the reflex of a morally flawed or deficient character.
Seeing Lawrence in Nietzschean terms educes a humanist Nietzsche who reads less incisively than he might: it does not seem enough to define ressentiment
as 'the desire to take revenge on the past' (p.
In addition to Freud's critique of Christ's injunction to love our enemies, we should recall Nietzsche's suspicion that the Christian call to love one's enemies is fueled by impotent hate, by ressentiment
. Nietzsche declares (in the voice of his interlocutor):
In their public appearances, opposition groups have embodied two of Nietzsche's concepts: schadenfreude, taking pleasure in the suffering of others, and "ressentiment
," or blaming others for one's own frustrations.
over Nixon's downfall helped drive the shift.
Then come two essays on related and very Nietzschean topics in moral psychology: Christopher Janaway's 'Guilt, Bad Conscience, and Self-punishment in Nietzsche's Genealogy' along with 'Ressentiment
, Value, and Self-Vindication: Making Sense of Nietzsche's Slave Revolt', from R.
Smith's ongoing treatment of feminine mutilation (and tongue-in-cheek feminist ressentiment
) ends in a series of dark bronzes, one of which depicts a woman crouching with her arms outstretched, while a naked, glass-eyed Lilith (1994) hangs upside-down from a wall, as if ready to jump.