restrain


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to restrain: liberty

re·strain

 (rĭ-strān′)
tr.v. re·strained, re·strain·ing, re·strains
1.
a. To hold back or keep in check; control: was able restrain his emotions.
b. To prevent (a person or group) from doing something or acting in a certain way: She was restrained from selling the house by her fond memories.
2. To hold, fasten, or secure so as to prevent or limit movement: hair restrained by a bandana; a child restrained by a seat belt.

[Middle English restreinen, from Old French restraindre, restreign-, from Latin restringere, to bind back; see restrict.]

re·strain′a·ble adj.
re·strain′ed·ly (-strā′nĭd-lē) adv.
re·strain′er n.
Synonyms: restrain, curb, check, bridle, inhibit
These verbs mean to hold back or keep under control. Restrain implies restriction or limitation, as on one's freedom of action: "a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another" (Thomas Jefferson).
To curb is to restrain as if with reins: "As a teacher he was rather dull. He curbed his own enthusiasms, finding that they distracted his attention" (E.M. Forster).
Check implies arresting or stopping, often suddenly: "Knowing that Lily disliked to be caressed, she had long ago learned to check her demonstrative impulses toward her friend" (Edith Wharton).
To bridle is often to hold in or govern one's emotions or passions: I tried hard to bridle my anger. Inhibit usually connotes a check on one's actions, thoughts, or emotions: A fear of strangers inhibited his ability to travel.

restrain

(rɪˈstreɪn)
vb (tr)
1. to hold (someone) back from some action, esp by force
2. to deprive (someone) of liberty, as by imprisonment
3. to limit or restrict
[C14 restreyne, from Old French restreindre, from Latin rēstringere to draw back tightly, from re- + stringere to draw, bind; see strain1]
reˈstrainable adj

re•strain

(rɪˈstreɪn)

v.t.
1. to hold back from action; check or control; repress.
2. to deprive of liberty, as by arrest; confine.
3. to limit or hamper the activity, growth, or effect of: to restrain trade with Cuba.
[1350–1400; restreynen < Middle French restreindre < Latin restringere to bind back, bind fast =re- re- + stringere to draw together; compare strain1]
re•strain′a•ble, adj.
re•strain`a•bil′i•ty, n.
syn: See check.

restrain


Past participle: restrained
Gerund: restraining

Imperative
restrain
restrain
Present
I restrain
you restrain
he/she/it restrains
we restrain
you restrain
they restrain
Preterite
I restrained
you restrained
he/she/it restrained
we restrained
you restrained
they restrained
Present Continuous
I am restraining
you are restraining
he/she/it is restraining
we are restraining
you are restraining
they are restraining
Present Perfect
I have restrained
you have restrained
he/she/it has restrained
we have restrained
you have restrained
they have restrained
Past Continuous
I was restraining
you were restraining
he/she/it was restraining
we were restraining
you were restraining
they were restraining
Past Perfect
I had restrained
you had restrained
he/she/it had restrained
we had restrained
you had restrained
they had restrained
Future
I will restrain
you will restrain
he/she/it will restrain
we will restrain
you will restrain
they will restrain
Future Perfect
I will have restrained
you will have restrained
he/she/it will have restrained
we will have restrained
you will have restrained
they will have restrained
Future Continuous
I will be restraining
you will be restraining
he/she/it will be restraining
we will be restraining
you will be restraining
they will be restraining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been restraining
you have been restraining
he/she/it has been restraining
we have been restraining
you have been restraining
they have been restraining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been restraining
you will have been restraining
he/she/it will have been restraining
we will have been restraining
you will have been restraining
they will have been restraining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been restraining
you had been restraining
he/she/it had been restraining
we had been restraining
you had been restraining
they had been restraining
Conditional
I would restrain
you would restrain
he/she/it would restrain
we would restrain
you would restrain
they would restrain
Past Conditional
I would have restrained
you would have restrained
he/she/it would have restrained
we would have restrained
you would have restrained
they would have restrained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.restrain - keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"
hold - keep from exhaling or expelling; "hold your breath"
confine - prevent from leaving or from being removed
bottle up, suppress, inhibit - control and refrain from showing; of emotions, desires, impulses, or behavior
curb, hold in, control, moderate, contain, check, hold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
2.restrain - place limits on (extent or access)restrain - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
tighten, reduce - narrow or limit; "reduce the influx of foreigners"
tie - limit or restrict to; "I am tied to UNIX"; "These big jets are tied to large airports"
gate - restrict (school boys') movement to the dormitory or campus as a means of punishment
draw a line, draw the line - reasonably object (to) or set a limit (on); "I draw the line when it comes to lending money to friends!"
mark off, mark out - set boundaries to and delimit; "mark out the territory"
harness, rein, rule - keep in check; "rule one's temper"
baffle, regulate - check the emission of (sound)
hamper, cramp, halter, strangle - prevent the progress or free movement of; "He was hampered in his efforts by the bad weather"; "the imperialist nation wanted to strangle the free trade between the two small countries"
tighten up, constrain, stiffen, tighten - restrict; "Tighten the rules"; "stiffen the regulations"
clamp down, crack down - repress or suppress (something regarded as undesirable); "The police clamped down on illegal drugs"
inhibit - limit the range or extent of; "Contact between the young was inhibited by strict social customs"
curb, hold in, control, moderate, contain, check, hold - lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger"
3.restrain - to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement; "This holds the local until the express passengers change trains"; "About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade"; "The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center"; "The terrorists held the journalists for ransom"
disable, disenable, incapacitate - make unable to perform a certain action; "disable this command on your computer"
tie down, tie up, truss, bind - secure with or as if with ropes; "tie down the prisoners"; "tie up the old newspapers and bring them to the recycling shed"
fetter, shackle - restrain with fetters
enchain - restrain or bind with chains
pinion, shackle - bind the arms of
impound, pound - place or shut up in a pound; "pound the cows so they don't stray"
pound up, pound - shut up or confine in any enclosure or within any bounds or limits; "The prisoners are safely pounded"
pen up, fold - confine in a fold, like sheep
ground - confine or restrict to the ground; "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"
4.restrain - hold back
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
bridle - put a bridle on; "bridle horses"
curb - keep to the curb; "curb your dogs"
clog - impede the motion of, as with a chain or a burden; "horses were clogged until they were tamed"
5.restrain - to compel or deter by or as if by threats
daunt, frighten away, frighten off, scare away, scare off, pall, scare, dash - cause to lose courage; "dashed by the refusal"
discourage - deprive of courage or hope; take away hope from; cause to feel discouraged

restrain

verb
2. control, keep in, limit, govern, suppress, inhibit, repress, muzzle, keep under control She was unable to restrain her desperate anger.
3. imprison, hold, arrest, jail, bind, chain, confine, detain, tie up, lock up, fetter, manacle, pinion Police restrained her on July 28.
imprison free, release, liberate

restrain

verb
To control, restrict, or arrest:
Translations
يَكْظُم، يَكْبَح، يَمْنَع
krotitovládat
beherske sigholde tilbage
halda aftur af
apvaldīt
zadržati
engellemekmâni olmak

restrain

[rɪsˈtreɪn] VT
1. (= hold back) → refrenar; (= repress) → reprimir; (= dissuade) → disuadir; (= prevent) → impedir; (= inhibit) → cohibir
to restrain sb from doing sth (= dissuade) → disuadir a algn de hacer algo; (= physically prevent) → impedir a algn hacer algo
kindly restrain your friendhaga el favor de refrenar a su amigo
2. (= contain) → contener; (= confine) → encerrar
I managed to restrain my angerlogré contener mi enojo
to restrain o.scontenerse
to restrain o.s. from doing sthdominarse para que no haga algo
but I restrained myselfpero me contuve, pero me dominé
please restrain yourself!¡por favor, cálmese!

restrain

[rɪˈstreɪn] vt
[+ person] (= hold back) → retenir (= overpower) → maîtriser
It took nine officers to restrain him → Il a fallu neuf officiers pour le maîtriser.
(= prevent) → empêcher
to restrain sb from doing sth → empêcher qn de faire qch
(= control) [+ anger, emotions] → contenir
to restrain o.s. from doing sth → se retenir de faire qch
(= curb) [+ spending, borrowing, inflation] → mettre un frein à

restrain

vt personzurückhalten; prisonermit Gewalt festhalten; animal, unruly children, madmanbändigen; radicalsin Schranken halten; sb’s activities, powereinschränken; emotions, laughterunterdrücken; to restrain inflation/pricesdie Inflationsrate/Preisentwicklung aufhalten; to exercise a restraining influenceetwas mildernd einwirken (→ on auf +acc); to restrain somebody from doing somethingjdn davon abhalten, etw zu tun; to restrain oneselfsich beherrschen

restrain

[rɪˈstreɪn] vt (feeling) → contenere, frenare; (dog) → tenere sotto controllo
to restrain o.s. → controllarsi, trattenersi
to restrain sb (from doing sth) → trattenere qn (dal fare qc)

restrain

(rəˈstrein) verb
to prevent from doing something; to control. He was so angry he could hardly restrain himself; He had to be restrained from hitting the man; He restrained his anger with difficulty.
reˈstrained adjective
controlling, or able to control, one's feelings.

restrain

vt (a patient) sujetar, inmovilizar, contener (a un paciente), restringir la libertad de movimiento (de un paciente, para que no se haga daño a sí mismo o a los demás)
References in classic literature ?
But even though she knew it was her own ruin, she could not restrain herself, could not keep herself from proving to him that he was wrong, could not give way to him.
He alone then understood the meaning of the French army's inactivity, he alone continued to assert that the battle of Borodino had been a victory, he alone- who as commander in chief might have been expected to be eager to attack- employed his whole strength to restrain the Russian army from useless engagements.
Restrain also the keen fury of my heart which provokes me to tread the ways of blood-curdling strife.
How ashamed I felt in the midst of my sobs; but still I could not restrain them.
I do not pretend to plead the immunities of my order so highly as this; but neither will I allow that the author of a modern antique romance is obliged to confine himself to the introduction of those manners only which can be proved to have absolutely existed in the times he is depicting, so that he restrain himself to such as are plausible and natural, and contain no obvious anachronism.
In any event, I must beg you to restrain your superior education while in our society.
Mr Jones had somewhat about him, which, though I think writers are not thoroughly agreed in its name, doth certainly inhabit some human breasts; whose use is not so properly to distinguish right from wrong, as to prompt and incite them to the former, and to restrain and withhold them from the latter.