retain


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

re·tain

 (rĭ-tān′)
tr.v. re·tained, re·tain·ing, re·tains
1.
a. To keep possession of; continue to have: The family sold the house but retained the land. See Synonyms at keep.
b. To keep in a particular place or condition: a library that retains the author's papers; plants that retain a lot of water.
c. To continue to have as a feature or aspect: retains his good humor after all the setbacks.
2. To keep in mind; remember: retains the songs she learned in childhood.
3. To require (a student) to repeat a class or grade because of insufficient educational progress to advance.
4.
a. To keep in one's service or pay: retain employees on a workforce.
b. To hire (an attorney, for example) by the payment of a fee.
c. To hire someone for (his or her services).

[Middle English reteinen, from Old French retenir, from Latin retinēre : re-, re- + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

re·tain′a·bil′i·ty n.
re·tain′a·ble adj.
re·tain′ment n.

retain

(rɪˈteɪn)
vb (tr)
1. to keep in one's possession
2. to be able to hold or contain: soil that retains water.
3. (of a person) to be able to remember (information, facts, etc) without difficulty
4. to hold in position
5. to keep for one's future use, as by paying a retainer or nominal charge: to retain one's rooms for the holidays.
6. (Law) law to engage the services of (a barrister) by payment of a preliminary fee
7. (Horse Racing) (in selling races) to buy back a winner that one owns when it is auctioned after the race
8. (Horse Racing) (of a racehorse trainer) to pay an advance fee to (a jockey) so as to have prior or exclusive claims upon his or her services throughout the season
[C14: from Old French retenir, from Latin retinēre to hold back, from re- + tenēre to hold]
reˈtainable adj
reˈtainment n

re•tain

(rɪˈteɪn)

v.t.
1. to keep possession of.
2. to continue to use, practice, etc.
3. to continue to hold or have: a cloth that retains its color.
4. to keep in mind; remember.
5. to hold in place or position.
6. to engage, esp. by payment of a preliminary fee: to retain a lawyer.
[1350–1400; Middle English reteinen < Old French retenir « Latin retinēre to hold back, hold fast =re- re- + -tinēre, comb. form of tenēre to hold]
re•tain′a•ble, adj.
re•tain′ment, n.
syn: See keep.

retain

1. When used in the context of deliberate planning, the directed command will keep the referenced operation plan or operation plan in concept format, and any associated joint operation planning system or Joint Operation Planning and Execution System automated data processing files in an inactive library or status. The plan and its associated files will not be maintained unless directed by follow-on guidance. See also archive; maintain.
2. A tactical task to occupy and hold a terrain feature to ensure that it is free of enemy occupation or use.

retain


Past participle: retained
Gerund: retaining

Imperative
retain
retain
Present
I retain
you retain
he/she/it retains
we retain
you retain
they retain
Preterite
I retained
you retained
he/she/it retained
we retained
you retained
they retained
Present Continuous
I am retaining
you are retaining
he/she/it is retaining
we are retaining
you are retaining
they are retaining
Present Perfect
I have retained
you have retained
he/she/it has retained
we have retained
you have retained
they have retained
Past Continuous
I was retaining
you were retaining
he/she/it was retaining
we were retaining
you were retaining
they were retaining
Past Perfect
I had retained
you had retained
he/she/it had retained
we had retained
you had retained
they had retained
Future
I will retain
you will retain
he/she/it will retain
we will retain
you will retain
they will retain
Future Perfect
I will have retained
you will have retained
he/she/it will have retained
we will have retained
you will have retained
they will have retained
Future Continuous
I will be retaining
you will be retaining
he/she/it will be retaining
we will be retaining
you will be retaining
they will be retaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been retaining
you have been retaining
he/she/it has been retaining
we have been retaining
you have been retaining
they have been retaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been retaining
you will have been retaining
he/she/it will have been retaining
we will have been retaining
you will have been retaining
they will have been retaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been retaining
you had been retaining
he/she/it had been retaining
we had been retaining
you had been retaining
they had been retaining
Conditional
I would retain
you would retain
he/she/it would retain
we would retain
you would retain
they would retain
Past Conditional
I would have retained
you would have retained
he/she/it would have retained
we would have retained
you would have retained
they would have retained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.retain - hold back within; "This soil retains water"; "I retain this drug for a long time"; "the dam retains the water"
contain, bear, carry, hold - contain or hold; have within; "The jar carries wine"; "The canteen holds fresh water"; "This can contains water"
2.retain - allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature; "We cannot continue several servants any longer"; "She retains a lawyer"; "The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"; "Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"; "We kept the work going as long as we could"; "She retained her composure"; "this garment retains its shape even after many washings"
sustain, keep up, prolong - lengthen or extend in duration or space; "We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible"; "prolong the treatment of the patient"; "keep up the good work"
persist in, continue - do something repeatedly and showing no intention to stop; "We continued our research into the cause of the illness"; "The landlord persists in asking us to move"
3.retain - secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the right to disagree"
keep, hold on - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
hold down - keep; "She manages to hold down two jobs"
4.retain - keep in one's mind; "I cannot retain so much information"
think of, remember - keep in mind for attention or consideration; "Remember the Alamo"; "Remember to call your mother every day!"; "Think of the starving children in India!"

retain

verb
1. maintain, keep, reserve, preserve, keep up, uphold, nurture, continue to have, hang or hold onto He retains a deep respect for the profession.
2. keep, keep possession of, hang or hold onto, save, preserve, cling to, conserve, hold fast to They want to retain a strip 33ft wide on the eastern shore.
keep lose, release, let go, use up
3. remember, learn, recall, bear in mind, keep in mind, memorize, recollect, commit to memory, learn by heart, impress on the memory She needs tips on how to retain facts.
remember forget

retain

verb
1. To keep at one's disposal:
2. To have and maintain in one's possession:
3. To persevere in some condition, action, or belief:
4. To renew an image or thought in the mind:
5. To obtain the use or services of:
Idiom: put on the payroll.
Translations
يَحْتَجِزيَحْتَفِظ بِ
udržetzadržet
bibeholdemodstå
halda í skefjumhalda/geyma , varîveita; muna
aizturētnoturētpaturētsaglabāt

retain

[rɪˈteɪn] VT
1. (= hold back) → retener; (= keep in one's possession) → guardar, quedarse con; (= keep in memory) → recordar, retener
2. (= sign up) [+ lawyer] → contratar

retain

[rɪˈteɪn] vt
(= keep) [+ independence, freedom, control, rights, leadership] → conserver; [+ title, position, trophy] → conserver; [+ ticket, receipt] → conserver
[moisture, heat] → conserver
(= employ) → engager

retain

vt
(= keep)behalten; money, possession, personzurück(be)halten; custombeibehalten, bewahren; urinezurückhalten; colourbehalten; flavourbeibehalten; moisturespeichern; (battery) chargehalten; (dam) waterstauen; to retain water (soil, body) → Wasser speichern; (sponge) → Wasser halten; to retain control of somethingetw weiterhin in der Gewalt haben; to retain powerweiter an der Macht bleiben; to retain the use of a limb/one’s eyesein Glied/seine Augen noch gebrauchen können
(= remember)sich (dat)merken; (computer) informationspeichern
(= engage) lawyerbeauftragen

retain

[rɪˈteɪn] vt (hold) → tenere; (keep) → conservare, serbare; (remember) → tenere a mente; (sign up, lawyer) → impegnare (pagando una parte dell'onorario in anticipo)

retain

(rəˈtein) verb
1. to continue to have, use, remember etc; to keep in one's possession, memory etc. He finds it difficult to retain information; These dishes don't retain heat very well.
2. to hold (something) back or keep (something) in its place. This wall was built to retain the water from the river in order to prevent flooding.

retain

v. retener, guardar; quedarse con.

retain

vt retener; to — water retener agua
References in classic literature ?
The Achaeans and Aetolians were kept friendly by them, the kingdom of Macedonia was humbled, Antiochus was driven out; yet the merits of the Achaeans and Aetolians never secured for them permission to increase their power, nor did the persuasions of Philip ever induce the Romans to be his friends without first humbling him, nor did the influence of Antiochus make them agree that he should retain any lordship over the country.
I will speak of Louis[*] (and not of Charles[+]) as the one whose conduct is the better to be observed, he having held possession of Italy for the longest period; and you will see that he has done the opposite to those things which ought to be done to retain a state composed of divers elements.
You will be responsible if the enemy is able to direct a force of any size against Petersburg to threaten this capital in which it has not been possible to retain many troops; for with the army entrusted to you, and acting with resolution and energy, you have ample means to avert this fresh calamity.
He managed by a skillful handling of his net to retain all the large fish and to draw them to the shore; but he could not prevent the smaller fish from falling back through the meshes of the net into the sea.
If Americans are to retain the sacred liberties for which their fathers strove, Congress must declare our independence of European dictation by maintaining the price of mules.
And making this concession, I affirm that (with the sole exception of duties on imports and exports) they would, under the plan of the convention, retain that authority in the most absolute and unqualified sense; and that an attempt on the part of the national government to abridge them in the exercise of it, would be a violent assumption of power, unwarranted by any article or clause of its Constitution.
It was not so clear as I could have wished; but I remembered that it must be "Upward, and yet not Northward", and I determined steadfastly to retain these words as the clue which, if firmly grasped, could not fail to guide me to the solution.
Miss Bingley was very deeply mortified by Darcy's marriage; but as she thought it advisable to retain the right of visiting at Pemberley, she dropt all her resentment; was fonder than ever of Georgiana, almost as attentive to Darcy as heretofore, and paid off every arrear of civility to Elizabeth.
I have never known the devil retain his grip on that.
And now both together attacked our heroe, whose blows did not retain that force with which they had fallen at first, so weakened was he by his combat with Thwackum; for though the pedagogue chose rather to play
Rudimentary organs sometimes retain their potentiality, and are merely not developed: this seems to be the case with the mammae of male mammals, for many instances are on record of these organs having become well developed in full-grown males, and having secreted milk.
In all the different representations of Socrates, whether of Xenophon or Plato, and the differences of the earlier or later Dialogues, he always retains the character of the unwearied and disinterested seeker after truth, without which he would have ceased to be Socrates.