Also found in: Thesaurus, Idioms.
Related to retaliative: misattributed


v. re·tal·i·at·ed, re·tal·i·at·ing, re·tal·i·ates
To do something in response to an action done to oneself or an associate, especially to attack or injure someone as a response to a hurtful action.
To pay back (an injury) in kind.

[Late Latin retāliāre, retāliāt- : Latin re-, re- + Latin tāliō, punishment in kind; see telə- in Indo-European roots.]

re·tal′i·a′tion n.
re·tal′i·a′tive, re·tal′i·a·to′ry (-ə-tôr′ē) adj.
re·tal′i·a′tor n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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The result of that conference was, that Gabelle again withdrew himself to his housetop behind his stack of chimneys; this time resolved, if his door were broken in (he was a small Southern man of retaliative temperament), to pitch himself head foremost over the parapet, and crush a man or two below.
It alone has the facilities necessary to make fairly such an important policy decision where the possibilities of international discord are so evident and retaliative action so certain.").
and retaliative action so certain." (134) While there are several
We found that as relationships increased in the intensity of the breakup compared to those experienced in the past, respondents were more likely to report having used some form post-relationship contact and tracking, likely in reaction (retaliative or in desperation) to the despair often associated with relationship loss.
The priest Felix, however, is a more developed character than the unnamed cleric of Trato; so is the treacherous renegade morisco named Francisco whose burning at the stake in Spain triggers the retaliative execution of Felix in Algiers.
Inevitably, these angry responses make particular sense in the kind of cultural context depicted in Henry V: a male culture of honour in which (perceived and real) slights, insults and reputational damage are repaired by retaliative acts of violence.