reticuloendothelial system

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Related to reticuloendothelial system: reticuloendothelial cells

re·tic·u·lo·en·do·the·li·al system

The diffuse system of cells that destroy pathogens by phagocytosis, originally thought to include cells of the reticular tissues of the spleen, liver, bone marrow, and lymph nodes along with a variety of endothelial cells, all of which take up dye introduced into the bloodstream. This term has been largely replaced by "mononuclear phagocyte system" and restricted to the monocytes and macrophages.

[reticul(um) + endothelial.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

reticuloendothe′lial sys`tem

the aggregate of the phagocytic cells that have reticular and endothelial characteristics and function in the immune system's defense against foreign bodies. Abbr.: RES
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reticuloendothelial system - a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
system - a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
immune system - a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
mononuclear phagocyte system, MPS, system of macrophages - a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

re·tic·u·lo·en·do·the·li·al sys·tem

n. sistema reticuloendotelial, red de células fagocíticas (excepto leucocitos circulantes) esparcidas por todo el cuerpo que intervienen en procesos tales como la formación de células sanguíneas, destrucción de grasas, eliminación de células gastadas y restauración de tejidos que son participantes esenciales en el proceso inmunológico del organismo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
AIHA is a disease characterized by the degradation of the erythrocytes in the intravascular or reticuloendothelial system that is initiated by the immunoglobulin G and/or immunoglobulin M type of antibodies that bind to the surface antigens of the erythrocytes (1).
An increase in the polyclonal B lymphocyte count is observed as a result of the high number of amastigotes in macrophages and stimulation of the reticuloendothelial system (5).
The clinical triad of anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia in peripheral blood seen in pancytopenia may be due to bone marrow failure or infiltration, pooling and destruction of blood cells in the reticuloendothelial system, ineffective hematopoiesis or very often due to suppression of marrow by cytotoxic drug therapy.
However, oral sublancin administration substantially enhanced the phagocytic activity of the reticuloendothelial system in immunosuppressed mice, indicating that sublancin improved innate immune function of immunosuppressed mice.
However, in vitro nanobubbles would quickly break or fuse without pressure damage [8]; in vivo, nanobubbles could be removed by the reticuloendothelial system (RES) [9]; ultrasound also had some damage to them [10].
The body's iron supply is obtained largely by iron absorption from the intestine and reabsorption from hemoglobin in the reticuloendothelial system [4].
Brucella organism shows high affinity for the reticuloendothelial system and bone marrow.
Like other monoclonal antibodies, clearance is mediated by the reticuloendothelial system and receptor-mediated endocytosis [6, 7].
Lymphoma is a cancer of the reticuloendothelial system; it has two subtypes, Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Site Lesions % Upper airways, sinuses, and oral cavity 858 33.8 Central nervous system, head and neck 405 16.0 Soft tissue (not extremities) 357 14.1 Gastrointestinal 262 10.3 Thoracic 192 7.6 Reticuloendothelial system 164 6.5 Skin (not extremities) 154 6.1 Genitourinary 60 2.4 Extremities 44 1.7 Not otherwise specified 42 1.7 Total 2538 100.0 Table 2: Comprehensive table of extraosseous myeloma lesion distributions.
Salmonella infection can lead to diffuse involvement of reticuloendothelial system and uncommonly affect other organ systems like kidneys, heart, intestine, skin, muscle, nervous system, and pancreas [3, 4].
Deficiency of this enzyme leads to accumulation of glucosylceramide and other glycolipids in the lysosomes of macrophages of the reticuloendothelial system and other organs.