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v. re·tired, re·tir·ing, re·tires
1. To withdraw from one's occupation or position, especially upon reaching a certain age; stop working.
a. To move away or withdraw, as for rest or seclusion: The guests retired to the living room.
b. To fall back or retreat, as from battle.
3. To go to bed.
a. To cause to withdraw from one's usual field of activity: The board must retire all executives at 65.
b. To withdraw from use or active service: retire an old battleship.
a. To take out of circulation: retired the bonds.
b. To pay off: retire one's debts.
3. To lead (troops, for example) away from action; withdraw.
4. Baseball
a. To put out (a batter).
b. To cause (the opposing team) to end a turn at bat.

[French retirer, to retreat, from Old French, to take back : re-, re- + tirer, to draw; see tier1.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


vb (mainly intr)
1. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) (also tr) to give up or to cause (a person) to give up his or her work, a post, etc, esp on reaching pensionable age
2. to go away, as into seclusion, for recuperation, etc
3. to go to bed
4. to recede or disappear: the sun retired behind the clouds.
5. (General Sporting Terms) to withdraw from a sporting contest, esp because of injury
6. (Military) (also tr) to pull back (troops, etc) from battle or an exposed position or (of troops, etc) to fall back
7. (Banking & Finance) (tr)
a. to remove (bills, bonds, shares, etc) from circulation by taking them up and paying for them
b. to remove (money) from circulation
[C16: from French retirer, from Old French re- + tirer to pull, draw]
reˈtirer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



v. -tired, -tir•ing. v.i.
1. to withdraw or go away to a place of privacy, shelter, or seclusion: She retired to her study.
2. to go to bed.
3. to give up or withdraw from an office, occupation, or career, usu. because of age.
4. to fall back or retreat, as from battle.
5. to withdraw from view: After announcing the guests, the butler retired.
6. to withdraw from circulation by taking up and paying, as bonds or bills.
7. to withdraw (troops, ships, etc.), as from battle.
8. to remove from an office or active service, as an army officer.
9. to withdraw (a machine, ship, etc.) permanently from its normal service.
10. Sports. to put out (a batter, side, etc.).
[1525–35; < Middle French retirer to withdraw =re- re- + tirer to draw, < Vulgar Latin *tīrāre]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


- From French retirer, from re-, "back" and tirer, "throw," its first sense was "withdraw to a place of safety or seclusion."
See also related terms for withdraw.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. 'resign'

If someone resigns from their job, they leave it after saying that they do not want to do it any more. You can resign from your job at any age, and perhaps start another job soon afterwards.

A hospital administrator has resigned over claims he lied to get the job.
2. 'retire'

When someone retires, they leave their job and stop working, often because they have reached the age when they can get a pension. When professional sportsmen and women stop playing sport as their job, you can also say that they retire, even if they are fairly young.

At the age when most people retire, he is ready to face a new career.
I have decided to retire from Formula One racing at the end of the season


1. 'retire'

When someone retires, they leave their job and stop working, usually because they have reached the age when they can get a pension.

Gladys retired at the age of sixty-eight.
They had decided to retire from farming.
2. 'retiring'

The adjective retiring has two meanings.

You use it in front of a noun such as MP or chairman to indicate that someone will soon give up their present job and be replaced by someone else.

...Jim Dacre, the retiring Labour MP.
...the retiring President of the Methodist Conference.

You also use it to describe someone who is very quiet and avoids meeting other people.

She was a shy, retiring girl.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: retired
Gerund: retiring

I retire
you retire
he/she/it retires
we retire
you retire
they retire
I retired
you retired
he/she/it retired
we retired
you retired
they retired
Present Continuous
I am retiring
you are retiring
he/she/it is retiring
we are retiring
you are retiring
they are retiring
Present Perfect
I have retired
you have retired
he/she/it has retired
we have retired
you have retired
they have retired
Past Continuous
I was retiring
you were retiring
he/she/it was retiring
we were retiring
you were retiring
they were retiring
Past Perfect
I had retired
you had retired
he/she/it had retired
we had retired
you had retired
they had retired
I will retire
you will retire
he/she/it will retire
we will retire
you will retire
they will retire
Future Perfect
I will have retired
you will have retired
he/she/it will have retired
we will have retired
you will have retired
they will have retired
Future Continuous
I will be retiring
you will be retiring
he/she/it will be retiring
we will be retiring
you will be retiring
they will be retiring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been retiring
you have been retiring
he/she/it has been retiring
we have been retiring
you have been retiring
they have been retiring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been retiring
you will have been retiring
he/she/it will have been retiring
we will have been retiring
you will have been retiring
they will have been retiring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been retiring
you had been retiring
he/she/it had been retiring
we had been retiring
you had been retiring
they had been retiring
I would retire
you would retire
he/she/it would retire
we would retire
you would retire
they would retire
Past Conditional
I would have retired
you would have retired
he/she/it would have retired
we would have retired
you would have retired
they would have retired
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.retire - go into retirement; stop performing one's work or withdraw from one's position; "He retired at age 68"
superannuate - retire or become ineligible because of old age or infirmity
bow out, withdraw - retire gracefully; "He bowed out when he realized he could no longer handle the demands of the chairmanship"
leave office, step down, quit, resign - give up or retire from a position; "The Secretary of the Navy will leave office next month"; "The chairman resigned over the financial scandal"
2.retire - withdraw from active participation; "He retired from chess"
retire, withdraw - lose interest; "he retired from life when his wife died"
bow out, withdraw - retire gracefully; "He bowed out when he realized he could no longer handle the demands of the chairmanship"
drop out - withdraw from established society, especially because of disillusion with conventional values; "She hasn't heard from her brother in years--he dropped out after moving to California"
cease, discontinue, lay off, quit, stop, give up - put an end to a state or an activity; "Quit teasing your little brother"
3.retire - pull back or move away or backward; "The enemy withdrew"; "The limo pulled away from the curb"
back away, crawfish, crawfish out, pull in one's horns, back out, retreat, pull back, withdraw - make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity; "We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him"; "He backed out of his earlier promise"; "The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
fall back - move back and away from; "The enemy fell back"
retreat, retrograde - move back; "The glacier retrogrades"
back down, back off, back up - move backwards from a certain position; "The bully had to back down"
4.retire - withdraw from circulation or from the market, as of bills, shares, and bonds
recall - make unavailable; bar from sale or distribution; "The company recalled the product when it was found to be faulty"
5.retire - break from a meeting or gatheringretire - break from a meeting or gathering; "We adjourned for lunch"; "The men retired to the library"
seclude, sequestrate, sequester, withdraw - keep away from others; "He sequestered himself in his study to write a book"
close down, close up, shut down, close, fold - cease to operate or cause to cease operating; "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"; "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."; "close up the shop"
prorogue - adjourn by royal prerogative; without dissolving the legislative body
6.retire - make (someone) retire; "The director was retired after the scandal"
superannuate - retire and pension (someone) because of age or physical inability
give notice, give the axe, give the sack, sack, send away, can, force out, displace, fire, dismiss, terminate - terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position; "The boss fired his secretary today"; "The company terminated 25% of its workers"
7.retire - dispose of (something no longer useful or needed); "She finally retired that old coat"
chuck out, discard, cast aside, cast away, throw away, toss away, toss out, put away, throw out, cast out, dispose, fling, toss - throw or cast away; "Put away your worries"
8.retire - lose interest; "he retired from life when his wife died"
fatigue, jade, tire, weary, pall - lose interest or become bored with something or somebody; "I'm so tired of your mother and her complaints about my food"
retire, withdraw - withdraw from active participation; "He retired from chess"
bow out, chicken out, back down, back off, pull out - remove oneself from an obligation; "He bowed out when he heard how much work was involved"
9.retire - cause to be out on a fielding play
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
diddle, toy, fiddle, play - manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination; "She played nervously with her wedding ring"; "Don't fiddle with the screws"; "He played with the idea of running for the Senate"
10.retire - cause to get out; "The pitcher retired three batters"; "the runner was put out at third base"
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
11.retire - prepare for sleepretire - prepare for sleep; "I usually turn in at midnight"; "He goes to bed at the crack of dawn"
bed down, bunk down - go to bed; "We bedded down at midnight"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. stop working, give up work, reach retirement age, be pensioned off, (be) put out to grass (informal) In 1974 he retired.
2. withdraw, leave, remove, exit, go away, depart, absent yourself, betake yourself He retired from the room with his colleagues.
3. go to bed, turn in (informal), go to sleep, hit the sack (slang), go to your room, kip down (Brit. slang), hit the hay (slang) She retires early most nights.
4. retreat, withdraw, pull out, give way, recede, pull back, back off, decamp, give ground He was wounded, but did not retire from the field.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. To move or proceed away from a place:
Slang: blow, split, take off.
2. To go to bed:
bed (down).
Informal: turn in.
Slang: crash, flop.
3. To withdraw from business or active life:
Idioms: call it quits, hang up one's spurs, turn in one's badge.
4. To remove from active service:
5. To move back in the face of enemy attack or after a defeat:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
يأوي إلى فِراشِهيَتَقاعَدُيَعْتَزِل، يَتَقاعَد
odejít do důchodustáhnout seodejít
gå i senggå på pension
jäädä eläkkeelle
nyugdíjba megy
draga sig í hléláta af störfum, fara á eftirlaun
išeiti į atsargąišeiti į pensijąišėjęs į atsargąišėjęs į pensijąišėjimas į atsargą
aizietaiziet pensijāatkāptiesnošķirties
odísť do dôchodku
odstopitiumakniti seupokojiti se
pensionera sig
nghỉ hưu


1. (= give up work) [worker] → retirarse; (at age limit) → jubilarse, retirarse; [professional sportsperson, military officer] → retirarse
she is retiring from professional tennis this yearse retira del tenis profesional este año
she retired on a good pensionse jubiló or se retiró con una buena pensión
he retired to the South of Francese jubiló or se retiró y se fue a vivir al sur de Francia
2. (frm) (= withdraw) → retirarse
the jury has retired to consider its verdictel jurado se ha retirado a deliberar para dar su veredicto
to retire from public liferetirarse de or abandonar la vida pública
3. (frm) (= go to bed) → acostarse, retirarse (frm)
to retire to bed; retire for the nightir a dormir, ir a acostarse
4. (Sport) [competitor] → abandonar, retirarse; [horse] → retirarse
he retired in the fifth lap with engine troubleabandonó or se retiró en la quinta vuelta debido a problemas con el motor
5. (Mil) [troops, army] → retirarse
1. (from work, service) [+ worker] → jubilar (Mil) [+ officer] → retirar
he was compulsorily retiredle dieron la jubilación forzosa, le obligaron a jubilarse
2. (Horse racing) [+ horse] → retirar (Baseball) [+ batter] → eliminar
3. (Fin) [+ bond] → redimir
4. (Mil) [+ troops, army] → retirar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[rɪˈtaɪər] vi
(= give up work) → prendre sa retraite
He retired last year → Il a pris sa retraite l'an dernier.
to retire from teaching → prendre sa retraite de l'enseignement
to retire from cricket → abandonner le cricket
to retire from football → raccrocher les crampons
to retire from rugby → raccrocher les crampons
to retire from tennis → raccrocher sa raquette
to retire from boxing → raccrocher les gants
to retire from politics → se retirer de la politique
to retire from the army → prendre sa retraite de l'armée
to retire from office → se retirer de ses fonctions
to retire from business → se retirer des affaires
(SPORT) (= withdraw) (from competition, race)abandonner
to retire from sth [+ match, game, race] → abandonner qch
(= withdraw) → se retirer
I retired to my study upstairs → Je me suis retiré dans mon bureau à l'étage.
[jury] → se retirer
(= go to bed) → aller se coucher, se coucher
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(= give up work)aufhören zu arbeiten; (civil servant, military officer)in Pension gehen, sich pensionieren lassen, in den Ruhestand treten; (self-employed) → sich zur Ruhe setzen; (soldier)aus der Armee ausscheiden; (singer, player etc)(zu singen/spielen etc) aufhören; to retire from businesssich zur Ruhe setzen, sich aus dem Geschäftsleben zurückziehen
(= withdraw, Mil) → sich zurückziehen; (Sport) → aufgeben; (Ftbl, Rugby etc) → vom Feld gehen; (jury)sich zurückziehen; to retire into one’s shellsich in sein Schneckenhaus verkriechen; to retire from public lifesich aus dem öffentlichen Leben zurückziehen
(old, form: = go to bed) → sich zurückziehen
vtaus Altersgründen entlassen; civil servant, military officerpensionieren, in den Ruhestand versetzen; soldierverabschieden; (Fin) bondaus dem Verkehr ziehen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. vi
a. (give up work) → andare in pensione; (quit business) → ritirarsi
b. (withdraw, go to bed) (Sport) → ritirarsi
2. vt
a. (Fin) (bill of exchange) → ritirare
b. (person) → mandare in pensione
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(riˈtaiə) verb
1. stop working permanently, usually because of age. He retired at the age of sixty-five.
2. to leave; to withdraw. When he doesn't want to talk to anyone, he retires to his room and locks the door; We retired to bed at midnight; The troops were forced to retire to a safer position.
reˈtired adjective
having stopped working. My father is retired now; a retired professor.
reˈtirement noun
1. the act of retiring from work. It is not long till his retirement.
2. a person's life after retiring from work. He's enjoying his retirement.
reˈtiring adjective
shy. a very quiet, retiring person.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


يَتَقاعَدُ odejít do důchodu gå på pension in den Ruhestand treten αποσύρομαι retirarse jäädä eläkkeelle prendre sa retraite umiroviti andare in pensione 退職する 퇴직하다 met pensioen gaan pensjonere (seg) zdymisjonować aposentar, reformar-se выходить на пенсию pensionera sig เกษียณ emekli olmak nghỉ hưu 退休
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
To which Blifil answered, "He was certain he had seen a fellow and wench retire together among the bushes, which he doubted not was with some wicked purpose." As to the name of Jones, he thought proper to conceal it, and why he did so must be left to the judgment of the sagacious reader; for we never chuse to assign motives to the actions of men, when there is any possibility of our being mistaken.
Jos's position in life was not grand enough to entitle him to a house in Moira Place, where none can live but retired Members of Council, and partners of Indian firms (who break, after having settled a hundred thousand pounds on their wives, and retire into comparative penury to a country place and four thousand a year); he engaged a comfortable house of a second- or third-rate order in Gillespie Street, purchasing the carpets, costly mirrors, and handsome and appropriate planned furniture by Seddons from the assignees of Mr.
If I say that I ought to be prepared to do it, that is, I ought to have the money and to retire from the army."
The question whether to retire from the service or not brought him to the other and perhaps the chief though hidden interest of his life, of which none knew but he.
On the whole he could perceive that all who were there were people of quality; but with the figure, countenance, and bearing of Don Quixote he was at his wits' end; and all civilities having been exchanged, and the accommodation of the inn inquired into, it was settled, as it had been before settled, that all the women should retire to the garret that has been already mentioned, and that the men should remain outside as if to guard them; the Judge, therefore, was very well pleased to allow his daughter, for such the damsel was, to go with the ladies, which she did very willingly; and with part of the host's narrow bed and half of what the Judge had brought with him, they made a more comfortable arrangement for the night than they had expected.
In short, everybody was well pleased and glad at the captive's good fortune; and as now almost two-thirds of the night were past, they resolved to retire to rest for the remainder of it.
I passed an hour in this state of mind, when suddenly I reflected how fearful the combat which I momentarily expected would be to my wife, and I earnestly entreated her to retire, resolving not to join her until I had obtained some knowledge as to the situation of my enemy.
So far from allowing a single foot to be wet, or a repetition of the fruitless efforts of his people to drive away their foe with missiles, the whole of the party was commanded to retire from the shore, while he himself communicated his intentions to one or two of his most favoured followers.
Better mounted and perhaps more ardent, the Pawnees had, however, reached the spot in sufficient numbers to force their enemies to retire. The victors pushed their success to the opposite shore, and gained the solid ground in the melee of the fight.
Anne of Austria, a keen observer, like all women, and imperious, like every queen, was sensible of Madame's power, and acquiesced in it immediately, a circumstance which induced the young queen to raise the siege and retire to her apartments.
"Good-night, I have business to transact with my clerks before I retire."
"You are right, madame," said the king, "and I am ready to retire to my room when you have kissed me.