If the number of spurious retransmissions in a TCP connection is determined, then the number of packet losses on network path after "P" can be simply calculated as the number of retransmitted
segments minus the number of spurious retransmissions:
United Artists owned the copyrights in numerous films broadcast on channels the cable system, Fortnightly, retransmitted
to its subscribers.
whose signals they retransmitted
. (57) During cable's formative
Noting that d drops the corrupted packets and only decodes based on the retransmitted
packet, the received SNR at d can be expressed by
If the protocol like RED  which is based on the TCP protocol is used for QoS, each packet needs to be confirmed and every lost packet needs to be retransmitted
. This will take much of the bandwidth and cause the time delay to wait for the retransmission of each lost packet.
If the datagram is corrupt or is not received, it is not retransmitted
; retransmission must be performed by a higher-layer protocol.
The chart in Figure 5 is generated by the simulator at the end of simulation to show the numbers of aggregated data, the total amount of data delivered and the amount of data lost & retransmitted
. Note that the amount of data loss is null, because at the time of simulation, we assumed reliable channels with 100% SNR.
Yet, for the period of time that the video provider retransmitted
the stations without an agreement, the FCC found that the provider engaged in unauthorized retransmission and assessed $15,000 forfeitures per signal.
In accordance with the article 16 of the law on presidential and parliamentary elections, foreign television programs retransmitted
by local channels should be recorded and local retransmitters bear responsibility for shown materials during the period of elections.
Users are also able to select from multiple field-installable plug-in option cards, for features such as four setpoint outputs, retransmitted
analog output, or communication and bus capabilities.
A second effect is expected when retransmissions are involved, pursuant to the fact that a longer frame means more retransmitted
bits and needs longer retransmission time.
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