retreat


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re·treat

 (rĭ-trēt′)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of moving back or away, especially from something hazardous, formidable, or unpleasant: made a retreat from hectic city life to the country.
b. Withdrawal of a military force from a dangerous position or from an enemy attack.
c. The process of receding from a position or of becoming smaller: glaciers in retreat from positions of advancement.
d. The process of changing or undergoing change in one's thinking or in a position: a leader's retreat from political radicalism.
e. A decline in value: a retreat in housing prices.
2. A place affording peace, quiet, privacy, or security. See Synonyms at shelter.
3.
a. A period of seclusion, retirement, or solitude.
b. A period of group withdrawal for prayer, meditation, or study: a religious retreat.
4.
a. The signal for a military withdrawal: Sound the retreat!
b. A bugle call or drumbeat signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset, as on a military base.
c. The military ceremony of lowering the flag.
v. re·treat·ed, re·treat·ing, re·treats
v.intr.
1. To move backward or away; withdraw or retire: retreated to his study. See Synonyms at recede1.
2. To make a military retreat.
3. To move back from a position of advancement or become smaller: land that emerged when the oceans retreated.
4. To change or undergo change in one's thinking or in a position: They retreated from their demands.
5. To decline in value: Stocks retreated in morning trading.
v.tr. Games
To move (a chess piece) back.

[Middle English retret, from Old French retrait, retret, from past participle of retraire, retrere, to draw back, from Latin retrahere; see retract.]

re·treat′er n.

retreat

(rɪˈtriːt)
vb (mainly intr)
1. (Military) military to withdraw or retire in the face of or from action with an enemy, either due to defeat or in order to adopt a more favourable position
2. to retire or withdraw, as to seclusion or shelter
3. (Physiology) (of a person's features) to slope back; recede
4. (Chess & Draughts) (tr) chess to move (a piece) back
n
5. the act of retreating or withdrawing
6. (Military) military
a. a withdrawal or retirement in the face of the enemy
b. a bugle call signifying withdrawal or retirement, esp (formerly) to within a defended fortification
7. retirement or seclusion
8. a place, such as a sanatorium or monastery, to which one may retire for refuge, quiet, etc
9. a period of seclusion, esp for religious contemplation
10. (Medicine) an institution, esp a private one, for the care and treatment of people who are mentally ill, infirm, elderly, etc
[C14: from Old French retret, from retraire to withdraw, from Latin retrahere to pull back; see retract]

re-treat

(riˈtrit)

v.t., v.i.
to treat again.
[1880–1885]

re•treat

(rɪˈtrit)

n.
1. the forced or strategic withdrawal of a military force before an enemy.
2. the act of withdrawing, as into safety or privacy; retirement.
3. a place of refuge, seclusion, or privacy.
4. an asylum, as for the insane.
5. a retirement or a period of retirement for religious exercises and meditation.
6.
a. a flag-lowering ceremony held at sunset on a military post.
b. the bugle call or drumbeat played at this ceremony.
v.i.
7. to withdraw, retire, or draw back, esp. for shelter or seclusion.
8. to make a retreat.
9. to slope backward; recede.
10. to draw or lead back.
Idioms:
beat a retreat, to withdraw or retreat, esp. in disgrace.
[1300–50; (n.) retret < Old French, variant of retrait, n. use of past participle of retraire to draw back < Latin retrahere (see retract1); (v.) late Middle English retreten < Middle French retraitier < Latin retractāre to retract2]

retreat

  • retreatant - A person taking part in a retreat.
  • anabasis, catabasis - An anabasis is a military expedition and a catabasis is the retreat of an army.
  • ivory tower - Suggests elegant detachment in a cool, white aerie, where a poet or philosopher might retreat to think and write.
  • resile, arsle - To resile or arsle is to recoil, retreat, or draw back.

retreat


Past participle: retreated
Gerund: retreating

Imperative
retreat
retreat
Present
I retreat
you retreat
he/she/it retreats
we retreat
you retreat
they retreat
Preterite
I retreated
you retreated
he/she/it retreated
we retreated
you retreated
they retreated
Present Continuous
I am retreating
you are retreating
he/she/it is retreating
we are retreating
you are retreating
they are retreating
Present Perfect
I have retreated
you have retreated
he/she/it has retreated
we have retreated
you have retreated
they have retreated
Past Continuous
I was retreating
you were retreating
he/she/it was retreating
we were retreating
you were retreating
they were retreating
Past Perfect
I had retreated
you had retreated
he/she/it had retreated
we had retreated
you had retreated
they had retreated
Future
I will retreat
you will retreat
he/she/it will retreat
we will retreat
you will retreat
they will retreat
Future Perfect
I will have retreated
you will have retreated
he/she/it will have retreated
we will have retreated
you will have retreated
they will have retreated
Future Continuous
I will be retreating
you will be retreating
he/she/it will be retreating
we will be retreating
you will be retreating
they will be retreating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been retreating
you have been retreating
he/she/it has been retreating
we have been retreating
you have been retreating
they have been retreating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been retreating
you will have been retreating
he/she/it will have been retreating
we will have been retreating
you will have been retreating
they will have been retreating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been retreating
you had been retreating
he/she/it had been retreating
we had been retreating
you had been retreating
they had been retreating
Conditional
I would retreat
you would retreat
he/she/it would retreat
we would retreat
you would retreat
they would retreat
Past Conditional
I would have retreated
you would have retreated
he/she/it would have retreated
we would have retreated
you would have retreated
they would have retreated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retreat - (military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeatretreat - (military) withdrawal of troops to a more favorable position to escape the enemy's superior forces or after a defeat; "the disorderly retreat of French troops"
withdrawal - the act of withdrawing; "the withdrawal of French troops from Vietnam"
fallback, pullout, disengagement - to break off a military action with an enemy
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
2.retreat - a place of privacy; a place affording peace and quiet
area, country - a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography); "it was a mountainous area"; "Bible country"
ashram - (India) a place of religious retreat for Hindus
ashram - a place of religious retreat modeled after the Indian ashram
nook - a sheltered and secluded place
nest - a cosy or secluded retreat
pleasance - a pleasant and secluded part of a garden; usually attached to a mansion
sanctum, sanctum sanctorum - a place of inviolable privacy; "he withdrew to his sanctum sanctorum, where the children could never go"
3.retreat - (military) a signal to begin a withdrawal from a dangerous position
signal, signaling, sign - any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message; "signals from the boat suddenly stopped"
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
4.retreat - (military) a bugle call signaling the lowering of the flag at sunset
bugle call - a signal broadcast by the sound of a bugle
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
5.retreat - an area where you can be alone
area - a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function; "the spacious cooking area provided plenty of room for servants"
6.retreat - withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation; "the religious retreat is a form of vacation activity"
withdrawal - the act of withdrawing; "the withdrawal of French troops from Vietnam"
7.retreat - the act of withdrawing or going backward (especially to escape something hazardous or unpleasant)
withdrawal - the act of withdrawing; "the withdrawal of French troops from Vietnam"
forward motion, onward motion, advancement, progress, progression, procession, advance - the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)
Verb1.retreat - pull back or move away or backward; "The enemy withdrew"; "The limo pulled away from the curb"
back away, crawfish, crawfish out, pull in one's horns, back out, retreat, pull back, withdraw - make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity; "We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him"; "He backed out of his earlier promise"; "The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
fall back - move back and away from; "The enemy fell back"
retreat, retrograde - move back; "The glacier retrogrades"
back down, back off, back up - move backwards from a certain position; "The bully had to back down"
2.retreat - move away, as for privacy; "The Pope retreats to Castelgondolfo every summer"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
cocoon - retreat as if into a cocoon, as from an unfriendly environment; "Families cocoon around the T.V. set most evenings"; "She loves to stay at home and cocoon"
3.retreat - move back; "The glacier retrogrades"
draw back, move back, pull away, pull back, recede, retreat, withdraw, retire - pull back or move away or backward; "The enemy withdrew"; "The limo pulled away from the curb"
4.retreat - make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity; "We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him"; "He backed out of his earlier promise"; "The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns"
draw back, move back, pull away, pull back, recede, retreat, withdraw, retire - pull back or move away or backward; "The enemy withdrew"; "The limo pulled away from the curb"

retreat

verb
2. climb down, change your decision, backtrack, do a U-turn, reconsider, change your mind, flip-flop (informal, chiefly U.S.), concede defeat, back-pedal, eat your words The Government had to retreat on student loans.
3. ebb, recede, flow out, go down, fall The tide retreats up to 500 yards on big springs.
noun
1. flight, retirement, departure, withdrawal, evacuation The army was in full retreat.
flight charge, advance, entrance
2. climbdown, about-turn (Brit.), retraction, backdown, concession There will be no retreat from his position.
3. refuge, haven, resort, retirement, shelter, haunt, asylum, privacy, den, sanctuary, hideaway, seclusion He spent yesterday in his country retreat.

retreat

noun
1. Something that physically protects, especially from danger:
2. The moving back of a military force in the face of enemy attack or after a defeat:
verb
1. To move back or away from a point, limit, or mark:
2. To move in a reverse direction:
Idiom: retrace one's steps.
3. To abandon a former position or commitment:
back down (or out), renege.
Slang: cop out, fink out.
4. To move back in the face of enemy attack or after a defeat:
Translations
إنْسِحابتراجعتَراجُععُزْلَه، خُلْوَهيَتَراجَع
ústupustoupitústranísignál k ústupustáhnout se
retrætetilbagetrækningtilflugtssted
csendes napoklelkigyakorlattakarodó
athvarfdraga sig í hléhörfamerki um undanhaldundanhald
後退する退却する
pedem referre
atsitraukimasatsitraukimo signalasnuošalė
atkāpšanāsatkāpšanās signālsatkāptiesnošķirtībanošķirties
signál na ústupústranie
umakniti seumik
retirera
çekilme işaretiçekilmekgeri çekilmegeri çekilmekinziva köşesi

retreat

[rɪˈtriːt]
A. N
1. (Mil) (= withdrawal) → retirada f (fig) → vuelta f atrás, marcha f atrás
the retreat from Monsla retirada de Mons
to beat the retreatdar el toque de retreta
to beat a retreatretirarse, batirse en retirada (fig) → emprender la retirada
to beat a hasty retreat (fig) → retirarse en desorden
the government is in retreat on this issueen este asunto el gobierno se está echando atrás
this represents a retreat from his promisecon esto se está volviendo atrás de su promesa
to be in full retreatretirarse en masa, retirarse en todo el frente
2. (= place) (also Rel) → retiro m, refugio m; (= state) → retraimiento m, apartamiento m
B. VI
1. (Mil, Rel) (= move back) → retirarse
they retreated to Dunkirkse retiraron a Dunquerque
2. (= draw back) → retroceder
the waters are retreatinglas aguas están bajando

retreat

[rɪˈtriːt]
n
(= withdrawal) → retraite f
to beat a hasty retreat (= leave quickly) → battre en retraite
(MILITARY)retraite f
in full retreat → en pleine retraite
(= refuge) → refuge m
a mountain retreat → un refuge de montagne
(for meditation)retraite f
to go on retreat → se retirer, faire une retraite
(= escape) → repli m
vi
(= move away) → se retirer
[army] → battre en retraite
[flood] → se retirer; [glacier] → se retirer
(= back down) → reculer
to retreat from sth [+ commitment, promise] → revenir sur qch, rétracter qch

retreat

n
(Mil) → Rückzug m; to sound the retreatzum Rückzug blasen; the army is in retreatdie Armee befindet sich or ist auf dem Rückzug; to make or beat a (hasty or swift) retreat (Mil) → (schnell) den Rückzug antreten; (fig)(schleunigst) das Feld räumen; his retreat into silenceseine Zuflucht zum Schweigen
(= place)Zufluchtsort m, → Zuflucht f; (= hiding place)Schlupfwinkel m; this is my retreathierhin ziehe ich mich zurück; he has gone to his country retreater hat sich aufs Land zurückgezogen
vi
(Mil) → den Rückzug antreten; (in fear) → zurückweichen; (flood, glacier)zurückgehen, zurückweichen; to retreat inside oneselfsich in sich selbst zurückziehen
(Chess) → zurückziehen
vt (Chess) → zurückziehen

retreat

[rɪˈtriːt]
1. n
a. (place) → rifugio (Rel) → ritiro (spirituale)
a country retreat → una tranquilla casa in campagna
to go into retreat (Rel) → andare in ritiro
b. (Mil) → ritirata
to be in retreat → essere in ritirata or rotta
to beat a hasty retreat (fig) → battersela
2. vi (Mil) → ritirarsi, battere in ritirata; (flood) → ritirarsi; (move back) → ritrarsi

retreat

(riˈtriːt) verb
1. to move back or away from a battle (usually because the enemy is winning). After a hard struggle, they were finally forced to retreat.
2. to withdraw; to take oneself away. He retreated to the peace of his own room.
noun
1. the act of retreating (from a battle, danger etc). After the retreat, the soldiers rallied once more.
2. a signal to retreat. The bugler sounded the retreat.
3. (a place to which a person can go for) a period of rest, religious meditation etc. He has gone to a retreat to pray.
References in classic literature ?
Pursued by the French army of a hundred thousand men under the command of Bonaparte, encountering a population that was unfriendly to it, losing confidence in its allies, suffering from shortness of supplies, and compelled to act under conditions of war unlike anything that had been foreseen, the Russian army of thirty-five thousand men commanded by Kutuzov was hurriedly retreating along the Danube, stopping where overtaken by the enemy and fighting rearguard actions only as far as necessary to enable it to retreat without losing its heavy equipment.
Throughout the whole army and at headquarters most joyful though erroneous rumors were rife of the imaginary approach of columns from Russia, of some victory gained by the Austrians, and of the retreat of the frightened Bonaparte.
Adventures of the party of ten The Balaamite mule A dead point The mysterious elks A night attack A retreat Travelling under an alarm A joyful meeting Adventures of the other party A decoy elk Retreat to an island A savage dance of triumph Arrival at Wind River
In a position of this sort, even though the enemy should offer us an attractive bait, it will be advisable not to stir forth, but rather to retreat, thus enticing the enemy in his turn; then, when part of his army has come out, we may deliver our attack with advantage.
If the enemy has occupied them before you, do not follow him, but retreat and try to entice him away.
The general who advances without coveting fame and retreats without fearing disgrace, whose only thought is to protect his country and do good service for his sovereign, is the jewel of the kingdom.
As I started to renew my slow retreat I heard the noise repeated behind me, and then before I could turn I heard it again at my left.
Retreat was cut off in all directions, unless I chose to charge one of the beasts.
And again I charged, only to see the eyes retreat before me and hear the muffled rush of the three at my back.
The savages came forward like lions; and our men, which was the worst of their fate, had no advantage in their situation; only that Will Atkins, who now proved a most useful fellow, with six men, was planted just behind a small thicket of bushes as an advanced guard, with orders to let the first of them pass by and then fire into the middle of them, and as soon as he had fired, to make his retreat as nimbly as he could round a part of the wood, and so come in behind the Spaniards, where they stood, having a thicket of trees before them.
Nor did the Spaniards, with all their prudence, consider that while they made those people thus desperate, they ought to have kept a good guard at the same time upon their plantations; for though it is true they had driven away their cattle, and the Indians did not find out their main retreat, I mean my old castle at the hill, nor the cave in the valley, yet they found out my plantation at the bower, and pulled it all to pieces, and all the fences and planting about it; trod all the corn under foot, tore up the vines and grapes, being just then almost ripe, and did our men inestimable damage, though to themselves not one farthing's worth of service.
As he listened to his brother's argument with the professor, he noticed that they connected these scientific questions with those spiritual problems, that at times they almost touched on the latter; but every time they were close upon what seemed to him the chief point, they promptly beat a hasty retreat, and plunged again into a sea of subtle distinctions, reservations, quotations, allusions, and appeals to authorities, and it was with difficulty that he understood what they were talking about.