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adj. also ret·ro·flexed (-flĕkst′)
1. Bent, curved, or turned backward.
2. Pronounced with the tip of the tongue turned back against the roof of the mouth.
A sound pronounced with the tongue in retroflex position, as the sound (r) in some varieties of English.

[Latin *retrōflexus, past participle of retrōflectere, to bend back : retrō, retro- + flectere, to bend.]

ret′ro·flex′ion, ret′ro·flec′tion n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈrɛtrəʊˌflɛks) or


1. bent or curved backwards
2. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics of, relating to, or involving retroflexion
[C18: from Latin retrōflexus, from retrōflectere, from retro- + flectere to bend]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈrɛ trəˌflɛks)

1. bent backward; exhibiting retroflexion.
2. (of a speech sound) articulated with the tip of the tongue curled upward and back toward or against the hard palate.
[1910–15; < Latin retrōflexus, past participle of retrōflectere to bend back]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.retroflex - bend or turn backward
bend, flex - form a curve; "The stick does not bend"
2.retroflex - articulate (a consonant) with the tongue curled back against the palate; "Indian accents can be characterized by the fact that speakers retroflex their consonants"
enounce, enunciate, pronounce, sound out, articulate, say - speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way; "She pronounces French words in a funny way"; "I cannot say `zip wire'"; "Can the child sound out this complicated word?"
Adj.1.retroflex - bent or curved backward
backward - directed or facing toward the back or rear; "a backward view"
2.retroflex - pronounced with the tip of the tongue turned back toward the hard palate
linguistics - the scientific study of language
backward - directed or facing toward the back or rear; "a backward view"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈretrəʊfleks] ADJvuelto hacia atrás
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
= retroflex, # = palatal, and II = lateral) and well over 100 phonemes it belongs to the phonologically most complex languages in the world (Heine & Konig 2015).
His judgment revolves around the status of the retroflex la and the conjunct ksa.
(9) American English is relatively similar to British English; however, it has its own distinctive features in comparison to RP: a higher larynx position, narrower pharynx (tongue root being more retracted), retroflex gesture with the tongue tip, a slightly more open jaw, spread lips, and a lowered velum causing a high degree of coarticulatory nasalization.
Mark the Phonemes in His / Her Repertory Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Plosive p b t [??] Nasal m [??] n Trill B r Tap / Flap [??] r Fricative [phi] [beta] f v [theta] [??] s z [??] 3 Lateral Fricative [??] [??] Approximant [??] [??] Lateral Approximant l Bilabial Post Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Plosive t [??] [??] k g q g Nasal [eta] [??] [??] N Trill [??] Tap / Flap [??] Fricative [??] x [??] [??] Lateral Fricative Approximant [??] j [??] Lateral Approximant [??] [lambda] L Bilabial Pharyngeal Glottal Plosive [??] 7 Nasal Trill Tap / Flap Fricative h [??] h h Lateral Fricative Approximant Lateral Approximant (*) In the table above the sounds/phonemes In green are the target sounds that the child is expected tc articulate.
In Oceanic words r represents an alveolar flap, but in Pama-Nyungan words r represents a retroflex glide similar to English r, while rr represents an alveolar flap or trill.
Lapecora speaks with a heavy, distinct Sicilian accent (very open mid vowels, retroflex consonants, pervasive consonant doubling) and uses numerous dialectal morphological features.
S1: t-a-r S1: t-a-r [type in the Pinyin to search for characters] S2: yes I did it S3: (original) yes I did it S1 s-a-h S1: s-a-n T: s-h T: s-h [trying to sound out the retroflex initial for S1] S1: s-h-a-n S1: s-h-a-n [trying to make a guess for the ending rhymes] T: [phrase omitted] T: viviparous animals.
For the lesions in the lower curve of the gastric body, the tunnel was created in retroflex approach from the anal to oral side.
Clearly, each bubble is caused by an eddy that occurs because of the sudden decrease in velocity of the fluid flow and the retroflex direction of the flow.
Literate humans (which are most of us) think in terms of writing even when we're speaking--Barbara Walters was spoofed for how she pronounces the letter "R," not the voiced alveolar retroflex liquid (my linguistics minor just paid off!), and we tell people that a word sounds just like it's spelled.
The sounds examined include consonant alveolo-palatals ([??], [??] and [??]), retroflex ([??], [??], [??], and [??]), and nasal vowels ([an] and [??]).