Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to retroflexion: retroflexed


adj. also ret·ro·flexed (-flĕkst′)
1. Bent, curved, or turned backward.
2. Pronounced with the tip of the tongue turned back against the roof of the mouth.
A sound pronounced with the tongue in retroflex position, as the sound (r) in some varieties of English.

[Latin *retrōflexus, past participle of retrōflectere, to bend back : retrō, retro- + flectere, to bend.]

ret′ro·flex′ion, ret′ro·flec′tion n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌrɛtrəʊˈflɛkʃən) or


1. the act or condition of bending or being bent backwards
2. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics the act of turning the tip of the tongue upwards and backwards towards the hard palate in the articulation of a vowel or a consonant
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


or ret•ro•flec•tion

(ˌrɛ trəˈflɛk ʃən)

1. a bending backward.
2. the folding backward of an organ, esp. of the uterus in relation to its cervix.
a. retroflex articulation of a speech sound.
b. the acoustic quality resulting from retroflex articulation; r-color.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retroflexion - a turning or tilting backward of an organ or body part; "retroversion of the uterus"
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
2.retroflexion - an articulatory gesture made by turning the tip of the tongue back against the roof of the mouth
articulation - the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech
3.retroflexion - the act of bending backward
movement, motility, motion, move - a change of position that does not entail a change of location; "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise"; "movement is a sign of life"; "an impatient move of his hand"; "gastrointestinal motility"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


, retroflection
n. retroflexión, flexión de un órgano hacia atrás.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
These conditions may include vaginal delivery after previous cesarean section, previous uterine surgery or curettage, congenital uterine malformations, prolonged oxytocin induction, and retroflexion uterus due to adhesions (20).
Together those muscles produce a variety of intricate but well-controlled movements including tongue retraction, protrusion, dorsiflexion, ventroflexion, retroflexion, shortening, elongating, elevation, and depression [2].
A 59-year-old male patient who had undergone a colonoscopy at another center because of abdominal pain and constipation suffered a perforation during retroflexion to examine the rectum; he was admitted to our emergency clinic 2 h after the perforation.
In Figure 2, the thick stalk of the polypoid lesion (originating from the fundus and extending to the pylorus) was shown in the retroflexion position of EGD.
The articulating circular endoscopic (ACE) stapling device system (Boston Scientific Corp., Natick, MA, USA) utilizes a stapler that can rotate 360[degrees] and articulate into complete flexion or retroflexion. The stapler can create a series of large, full-thickness, transmural plications throughout the stomach, restricting gastric volume.[42] In a prospective, observational, Phase 1 study conducted by Verlaan et al .[42] in 2015, 17 patients underwent the procedure.
In this case, the goitre pushed the glottis ventrally, and I had to consider four axes during intubation: the oral axis which was 81[degrees] to the horizontal on X-ray at maximum retroflexion, the pharyngeal axis (3[degrees]), the tracheal (6[degrees]), and the glottic-pharyngeal axis (31[degrees]) (Figure 1).
With torsion, the distended caecum rotates about its longitudinal axis and with retroflexion, caecum folds dorsally or ventrally in ileocaecal region, resulting in cranial orientation of apex.
One of those maneuvers is ( retroflexion , in which the robot bends backward to show the colon wall behind it.
A cystoscopy with retroflexion and transurethral resection of bladder tumor with fulguration was performed.
The IPA recognizes several retroflex articulations, with varying degrees of retroflexion, some of which involve the tip or base of the tongue coming in contact with the palate or the back of the alveolar ridge.
They discuss the organization of lexical knowledge in bilingual and multilingual minds, semantic transfer in spatial expressions, and the interaction of word meanings and visual arrays; topic prominence and transfer in argument structures in grammatical patterns; word-level stress and segmental phonology and retroflexion in Spanish; and the effect of transfer on the relationship between comprehension and production in Finnish and Swedish speakers and the role of linguistic and non-linguistic contexts in new language acquisition.