retrograde(redirected from retrogrades)
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1. Moving or tending backward: a retrograde flow.
2. Opposite to the usual order; inverted or reversed: the retrograde form of the melody.
3. Reverting to an earlier or inferior condition: a retrograde way of thinking.
a. Of or relating to the orbital revolution or axial rotation of a planetary or other celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to most celestial bodies.
b. Of or relating to the brief, regularly occurring, apparently backward movement of a planetary body in its orbit as viewed against the fixed stars, caused by the differing orbital velocities of Earth and the body observed.
c. Of or relating to orbital motion in the direction opposite that of the predominant motion in an orbital system.
intr.v. ret·ro·grad·ed, ret·ro·grad·ing, ret·ro·grades
1. Astronomy To have retrograde motion.
2. To decline to an inferior state; degenerate.
3. Archaic To move or seem to move backward.
[Middle English, from Latin retrōgradus, from retrōgradī, to go back : retrō-, retro- + -gradus, walking (from gradī, to go; see ghredh- in Indo-European roots).]
ret′ro·gra·da′tion (-rō-grā-dā′shən) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. moving or bending backwards
2. (esp of order) reverse or inverse
3. tending towards an earlier worse condition; declining or deteriorating
4. (Astronomy) astronomy
a. occurring or orbiting in a direction opposite to that of the earth's motion around the sun. Compare direct18
b. occurring or orbiting in a direction around a planet opposite to the planet's rotational direction: the retrograde motion of the satellite Phoebe around Saturn.
c. appearing to move in a clockwise direction due to the rotational period exceeding the period of revolution around the sun: Venus has retrograde rotation.
5. (Biology) biology tending to retrogress; degenerate
6. (Music, other) music of, concerning, or denoting a melody or part that is played backwards
7. obsolete opposed, contrary, or repugnant to
8. to move in a retrograde direction; retrogress
9. (Military) military US another word for retreat1
[C14: from Latin retrōgradī to go backwards, from gradi to walk, go]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
adj., v. -grad•ed, -grad•ing. adj.
1. having a backward motion or direction; retiring or retreating.
2. inverse or reversed, as order.
3. Chiefly Biol. exhibiting degeneration or deterioration.
a. moving in an orbit in the direction opposite to that of the earth in its revolution around the sun.
b. appearing to move on the celestial sphere in the direction opposite to the natural order of the signs of the zodiac, or from east to west.Compare direct (def. 25).
5. Archaic. contrary; opposed.v.i.
6. to move or go backward; retire or retreat.
7. Chiefly Biol. to decline to a worse condition; degenerate.
[1350–1400; Middle English (adj.) < Latin retrōgradus going back, derivative of retrōgradī=retrō- retro- + gradī to step, go; compare grade]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Relating to the revolution in an orbit or rotation about an axis of a celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to the movement of most celestial bodies.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Past participle: retrograded
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Switch to new thesaurus
|Verb||1.||retrograde - move backward in an orbit, of celestial bodies|
|2.||retrograde - move in a direction contrary to the usual one; "retrograding planets"|
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
|3.||retrograde - move back; "The glacier retrogrades"|
|4.||retrograde - go back over; "retrograde arguments"|
|5.||retrograde - get worse or fall back to a previous condition|
|Adj.||1.||retrograde - moving from east to west on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in a direction opposite to that of the Earth|
astronomy, uranology - the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
direct - moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or--for planets--around the sun in the same direction as the Earth
|2.||retrograde - of amnesia; affecting time immediately preceding trauma|
anterograde - of amnesia; affecting time immediately following trauma
|3.||retrograde - going from better to worse|
regressive - opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state
|4.||retrograde - moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction|
backward - directed or facing toward the back or rear; "a backward view"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
adjective deteriorating, backward, regressive, retrogressive, declining, negative, reverse, retreating, worsening, downward, waning, relapsing, inverse, degenerative It would be a retrograde step to revert to the old system.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
1. To move in a reverse direction:
Idiom: retrace one's steps.
2. To move back or away from a point, limit, or mark:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
retrograde[ˈretrəʊgreɪd] ADJ (fig) [step, measure] → retrógrado
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
adj → rückläufig; order → umgekehrt; policy → rückschrittlich; (Phys, Biol, Astron) → rückläufig, retrograd (spec); retrograde step → Rückschritt m
vi (Biol) → sich zurückentwickeln; (Astron) → sich retrograd bewegen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
retrograde[ˈrɛtrəʊˌgreɪd] adj (frm) a retrograde step (fig) → un passo (all')indietro
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
a. retrógrado-a, que se mueve hacia atrás o retorna al pasado;
___ amnesia → amnesia ___;
___ aortography → aortografía ___;
___ pyelography → pielografía ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.