retrovirus

(redirected from retroviruses)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
click for a larger image
retrovirus
schematic of a retrovirus

ret·ro·vi·rus

 (rĕt′rō-vī′rəs, rĕt′rə-vī′-)
n. pl. ret·ro·vi·rus·es
Any of a family of viruses, many of which produce tumors, that contain RNA and reverse transcriptase, including HIV.

ret′ro·vi′ral adj.

retrovirus

(ˈrɛtrəʊˌvaɪrəs)
n
(Microbiology) any of several viruses whose genetic specification is encoded in RNA rather than DNA and that are able to reverse the normal flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA by transcribing RNA into DNA: many retroviruses are known to cause cancer in animals
ˈretroˌviral adj

ret•ro•vi•rus

(ˌrɛ trəˈvaɪ rəs, ˈrɛ trəˌvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of various single-stranded RNA-containing viruses, of the family Retroviridae, that have a helical envelope and contain the enzyme reverse transcriptase, which enables genetic information from viral RNA to become part of host DNA.
[1975–80]
ret`ro•vi′ral, adj.

ret·ro·vi·rus

(rĕt′rō-vī′rəs)
Any of a group of viruses containing RNA in which the RNA can convert to DNA inside a cell. Some retroviruses cause cancer in humans. The virus that causes AIDS is a retrovirus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA); the virus transcribes its RNA into a cDNA provirus that is then incorporated into the host cell
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
HTLV-1, human T-cell leukemia virus-1 - retrovirus causing T-cell leukemia
human immunodeficiency virus, HIV - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
Translations
retrovirus

retrovirus

[ˈretrəʊˌvaɪrəs] Nretrovirus m inv

retrovirus

nRetrovirus nt or m

ret·ro·vi·rus

n. retrovirus, virus que pertenece al grupo ácido ARN, algunos de los cuales son oncogénicos;
human endogenous ______ endógeno humano.

retrovirus

n retrovirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
This may be an explanation why heterozygous individuals respond better to highly active antiretroviral therapy (7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, Abstract 452, San Francisco, 2000).
Krim helped to found the first AIDS journal, now called AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses (www.
The Retroviruses conference (in Boston, February 22-25, 2005) did little to resolve the questions around this case.
Scientists hypothesize that it was captured from retroviruses that invaded the human genome roughly 1 million years ago (SN: 5/13/00, p.
is a privately held, fully integrated media company known for establishing authoritative peer-reviewed journals in many promising areas of science and biomedical research, including AIDS Research and Retroviruses, Viral Immunology, and the book Medication Adherence in HIV/AIDS.
Almost three years ago at the Retroviruses conference in early 2002 the public learned that one of these drugs, TMC125 (an experimental antiretroviral made by Tibotec) produced an almost 2-log (100 fold) drop in HIV viral load in only I week, in a human study in 12 volunteers.
Simian retroviruses are actively crossing into human populations," says Walid M.
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, now in its 22nd year, was the first biomedical journal to address AIDS/HIV, well before they were designated a threat to public health.
11 in San Francisco at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections.
Those accepted at the Retroviruses conference (the 12th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, February 22-25, 2005, in Boston) must complete the housing process or their registration will be cancelled--even if they do not need a hotel.
Over the past few years, several research groups have shown that HIV can assemble itself inside cells in the same sacs where exosomes From "It became obvious to us that retroviruses generally, and HIV in particular, evolved to become cargo of this pathway," says Hildreth.
at the 12th Conference on Retroviruses and Infectious Diseases held last February in Boston, MA.