retrovirus

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retrovirus
schematic of a retrovirus

ret·ro·vi·rus

 (rĕt′rō-vī′rəs, rĕt′rə-vī′-)
n. pl. ret·ro·vi·rus·es
Any of a family of viruses, many of which produce tumors, that contain RNA and reverse transcriptase, including HIV.

ret′ro·vi′ral adj.

retrovirus

(ˈrɛtrəʊˌvaɪrəs)
n
(Microbiology) any of several viruses whose genetic specification is encoded in RNA rather than DNA and that are able to reverse the normal flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA by transcribing RNA into DNA: many retroviruses are known to cause cancer in animals
ˈretroˌviral adj

ret•ro•vi•rus

(ˌrɛ trəˈvaɪ rəs, ˈrɛ trəˌvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of various single-stranded RNA-containing viruses, of the family Retroviridae, that have a helical envelope and contain the enzyme reverse transcriptase, which enables genetic information from viral RNA to become part of host DNA.
[1975–80]
ret`ro•vi′ral, adj.

ret·ro·vi·rus

(rĕt′rō-vī′rəs)
Any of a group of viruses containing RNA in which the RNA can convert to DNA inside a cell. Some retroviruses cause cancer in humans. The virus that causes AIDS is a retrovirus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA); the virus transcribes its RNA into a cDNA provirus that is then incorporated into the host cell
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
HTLV-1, human T-cell leukemia virus-1 - retrovirus causing T-cell leukemia
human immunodeficiency virus, HIV - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
Translations
retrovirus

retrovirus

[ˈretrəʊˌvaɪrəs] Nretrovirus m inv

retrovirus

nRetrovirus nt or m

ret·ro·vi·rus

n. retrovirus, virus que pertenece al grupo ácido ARN, algunos de los cuales son oncogénicos;
human endogenous ______ endógeno humano.

retrovirus

n retrovirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of genetic, phylogenetic, and serologic data analysis on both the father and son and the hypothesis for how the boy became infected are published in a study in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.
Most of our viral DNA comes from one group in particular: retroviruses, a group that includes HIV.
When researchers grew animal cells next to human embryonic kidney cells in the laboratory, these viruses " known as retroviruses " spread to the human cells.
Researchers refer to them as porcine endogenous retroviruses - PERVs for short.
Pig cells contain multiple copies of embedded viruses called porcine endogenous retroviruses, or PERVs.
They have found that retroviruses seem to play a central role in the basic functions of the brain, more specifically in the regulation of which genes are to be expressed, and when.
A two-year-old child born with HIV infection and treated with antiretroviral drugs beginning in the first days of life no longer has detectable levels of virus using conventional testing despite not taking HIV medication for 10 months, according to findings presented today at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Atlanta.
"What we've observed is that a group of endogenous retroviruses called HERV-H is extremely busy in human embryonic stem cells," said Jeremy Luban, M.D., a professor of molecular medicine at UMass Medical School and lead author of the study.
Research groups searching for a cause of this so-called sporadic form had previously spotted a protein known as reverse transcriptase, a product of retroviruses such as HIV, in ALS patients' serum samples, suggesting that a retrovirus might play a role in the disease.
(2) in patients with CFS and expands the viral association to a wider variety of XMLV-related viruses that seem closer to polytropic mouse endogenous retroviruses.
NuPotential's cell programming technology involves the use of proprietary small molecule-based cell reprogramming processes for generating patient-specific iPS cells instead of commonly-used retroviruses or cancer-inducing oncogenes.