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Related to rheme: theme


n. Linguistics

[From Greek rhēma, something that is said, word, subject of a speech (modeled on theme); see wer- in Indo-European roots.]


(Linguistics) linguistics the constituent of a sentence that adds most new information, in addition to what has already been said in the discourse. The rheme is usually, but not always, associated with the subject. Compare theme5
[C20: from Greek rhēma that which is said]


(ˈkɒm ɛnt)

1. a remark, observation, or criticism: a comment about the weather.
2. gossip; talk: His absence gave rise to comment.
3. a criticism or interpretation, often by implication or suggestion: The play is a comment on modern society.
4. a critical or explanatory annotation to a text or to a passage in a text.
5. Also called rheme. the part of a sentence that communicates new information about the topic.Compare topic (def. 3).
6. to make remarks or observations.
7. to write explanatory or critical notes upon a text; elucidate.
8. to make comments or remarks on.
9. to furnish with comments; annotate (a text).
no comment, I refuse to speak; I have nothing to say.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin commentum device, fabrication (Late Latin: interpretation, commentary), n. use of neuter of commentus, past participle of comminīscī to devise =com- com- + -minīscī; see reminiscent]
com′ment•a•ble, adj.
com′ment•er, n.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Table 5--Main headline METAFUNCTION (Ellipse) Tied up to utility pole Ideational Actor Process: Circumstance: Material place Interpessoal Subject Finite+ Complement predicator Appraisal Positive Appreciation Textual Theme Rheme METAFUNCTION (Ellipse) after ex-wife killing Ideational Actor Process Goal Material Interpessoal Subject Finite + Complement predicator Appraisal Negative Appreciation Textual Theme Source: Author's elaboration.
theme (the first part of a clause) and rheme (the rest of the clause);
Austin calls the production of sound a phone, whereas a pheme is a repeated utterance with a definite sense of meaning (a subset of a pheme in his system is a rheme to refer to a sign that represents its object).
VALLDUBI, Enric y VILKUNA, Maria (1998): "On Rheme and kontrast.
En 1959 Firbas analizo ciertos elementos oracionales, los llamados rematizadores, elementos <<considerable changing its FSP by rhematizing (frequently even turning into rheme proper) the element to which they are made to refer>> (1959: 53).
The author defines and illustrates two important elements of the clause: Theme and Rheme.
The syntactical packaging of the theme and the rheme is meant to make the reader realize the sharp contradiction of the purported intention of the operation (clean--up) and its outcome victims now appealing for food.
Theme progression refers to how authors pick up in the first part of each clause, or the theme, elements mentioned in the last part of the previous clause or rheme.
A dragon metaphor is used on occasion as an image on the screen during lecture to remind students of this rheme in statistics.
The theme is what the hearer is acquainted with in a communicative situation, while the rheme is new information that the speaker adds in contribution to the development of the rheme (Catherine, 2001).