rhinoscleroma


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Related to rhinoscleroma: rhinosporidiosis

rhinoscleroma

(ˌraɪnəʊˌsklɪəˈrəʊmə)
n
(Medicine) an inflammatory bacterial disease of the nose that is mostly found in Africa and Central America
References in periodicals archive ?
Rhinoscleroma involving the nose was the clinical diagnosis in 2 cases, which gave consistent findings on histology (100%).
Although rhinoscleroma is clearly due to a bacterial infection, there have been reports of potential genetic predisposition with familial cases and the potential that the inflammatory reaction generated toward the organism may be related to a defect in immune regulation.
Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous infection due to Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis, which affects the respiratory epithelium from the nose to the bronchi.
Leprosy, syphilis, and rhinoscleroma are less common granulomatous diseases that present with laryngeal involvement.
rhinoescleromatis is the etiological agent of rhinoscleroma or scleroma infection which is characterized by a granulomatous and chronic process of insidious evolution that affects the mucosa from the upper respiratory tract and might lead to bone invasion and airway obstruction.
have been described using as their base the reactions of crossing serums and the ultra-structural aspects, as well as the similarities in the histological aspects of donovanosis and of rhinoscleroma, an infection caused by K.
The distinctive histiocytes of SHML with emperipolesis are different from histiocytes seen in a variety of other benign and malignant disorders--such as Hodgkin's lymphoma, monocytic leukemia, rhinoscleroma, juvenile xanthogranuloma, and Langerhans histiocytosis--in which phagocytosis of cells may be a prominent feature.
Miscellaneous Rhinitis Syndromes Granulomatous Conditions: rhinoscleroma, Wegener's granulomatosis, Diseases polymorphic reticulosis, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis.
Table 3) Inflammatory/infective lesions included lichen planus in 6 cases, pemphigus vulgaris in 1, bullous pemphigoid in 1, rhinoscleroma in 1, tuberculosis 2, leprosy in 1, actinomycosis in 2, rhinosporidiosis in 2, neutrophilic dermatosis in 1, and chronic inflammation in 13 cases.
pneumoniae rhinoescleromatis is the etiological agent of rhinoscleroma or scleroma infection which is characterized by a granulomatous and chronic process of insidious evolution that affects the mucosa from the upper respiratory tract and might lead to bone invasion and airway obstruction.
The differential diagnosis of nasal tuberculosis includes other granulomatous diseases such as Wegener's granulomatosis, syphilis, rhinoscleroma, rhinosporidiosis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis.
INTRODUCTION: The name rhinoscleroma was first used by Von Hebra & Kaposi.