Despite the disturbing definition that will first appear if you do an internet search for "rhinotomy
" (mutilation or amputation of the nose), this procedure can be beneficial to cats experiencing chronic nasal problems.
Subtotal maxillectomy via a lateral rhinotomy
was performed and medial and lateral walls of maxilla were removed.
He was diagnosed with the condition at 30 years of age during which he underwent his first surgery by the lateral rhinotomy
Ventricular pneumocephalus, cervical subarachnoid pneumorrhachis, and meningoencephalitis in a dog following rhinotomy
for chronic fungal rinitis.
One patient required craniofacial resection, two required lateral rhinotomy
and 14 were managed endoscopically.
Numerous open surgical approaches have been employed traditionally, based on the tumor extensions, like transpalatine, lateral rhinotomy
, midfacial degloving, and neurosurgical approaches in cases with intracranial extension .
For a long time, medial maxillectomy with ethmoidectomy via lateral rhinotomy
was recommended as the treatment gold standard for IP .
Of them, 18 cases (which included 16 polyps & 2 haemangiomas) were addressed by endoscopic approach, 3 cases of angiofibroma were dealt by transpalatal approach while 4 cases (2 cases of inverted papilloma and 2 nasal melanomas) required lateral rhinotomy
approach for complete tumour removal.
Surgical treatment of canine nasal aspergillosis by rhinotomy
combined with enilconazole infusion and oral itraconazole.
Complete resection using endoscopic approaches (n=20) or open surgery (n=11), for example, lateral rhinotomy
with medial maxillectomy, were performed.
Seven (8.0%) patients were resected with a purely endoscopic technique; 25 (28.7%) underwent lateral rhinotomy
; 10 (11.5%) extended lateral rhinotomy
; 16 (18.4%) subtotal maxillectomy; 9 (10.3%) radical maxillectomy; and 20 (23.0%) craniofacial resection.
Treatment requires the complete removal of the existing rhinolith, either by anterior rhinoscopy or nasal endoscopy, although a lateral rhinotomy
has been required in some cases.