An outbreak of abortion in a dairy herd following inoculation with an intramuscular infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
: Determination of the Prevalence of Antibodies in Mexican Non-Vaccinated Cows in the States of Tabasco, Puebla and Veracruz
Bovine herpesvirus 1 infection and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
. Vet Res 38: 181-209.
Brucellosis, neosporosis, leptospirosis, bovine viral diarrhea and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
are the most well-known diseases and cause the greatest economic losses for the livestock industry (2).
Several diseases can affect pregnancy, cause abortion, and influence calf survival in elk and cattle, particularly brucellosis, leptospirosis, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
(IBR), bovine viral diarrhea (BVD), and neosporosis (Thorne et al., 2002), and these diseases are included in most bovine abortion profiles (i.e., exposure assessments).
Upon arrival, steers were vaccinated against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
, bovine viral diarrhea (type 1 and 2), parainfluenza 3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (Cattle Master Gold FP 5 L5, Zoetis, New York, NY, USA), clostridia (Ultrabac 8, Zoetis, USA), treated against internal and external parasites (Dectomax, Zoetis, USA), injected with 1,500 IU vitamin E (as d-alpha-tocopherol) 500,000 IU vitamin A (as retinyl-palmitate) and 50,000 IU vitamin D3 (Vital E-AD, Stuart Products, Bedford, TX, USA), and 300 mg tulathromycin (Draxxin, Zoetis, USA).
A review of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
, shipping fever pneumonia and viral-bacterial synergism in respiratory disease of cattle.
Primary infection is accompanied by various clinical manifestations such as infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
, abortion, vulvovaginitis, and systemic infection in neonates (MUYLKENS et al., 2007).
Viral agents include Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD), Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
(IBR), Bovine Respiratory Synctial Virus (BRSV), and Parainfluenza Type-3 Virus (PI-3).
Rodriguez-Lecompte et al., "A study of the effectiveness of a needle-free injection device compared with a needle and syringe used to vaccinate calves against bovine viral diarrhea and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
viruses," The Veterinary Journal, vol.
The main viral diseases are RSV (Respiratory syncytial virus), IBR (Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
) and PI3 (Parainfluenza type 3).
The economically important and highly contagious disease of the animals include the foot and mouth disease (FMD), rabies, brucellosis, tuberculosis, haemorrhagic septicemia (HS), infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
(IBR), bovine viral diarrhea (B VD), Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), Blue tongue, Brucellosis, Mastitis etc.